Is Cucumber A Framework Or Tool?

Cucumber framework in Selenium allows test scenarios to be written using natural language constructs that describe the expected behavior of the software for a given scenario, making it ideal for user acceptance testing.

When should I use Cucumber framework?

The decision to use Cucumber or a unit testing framework is depending on the cooperation with the business. If they have opinions about the behaviour, then use Cucumber. If they are indifferent, use a unit testing framework.

Which is the common framework used by Cucumber?

Cucumber is a tool that is based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework.

Is BDD a framework?

Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework is a software development process that is an offshoot of Test Driven Development (TDD) framework. BDD is an agile testing methodology. It is the process of development, based on test-driven development and domain-driven, object-oriented analysis.

How does Cucumber framework works?

Cucumber is a testing framework that supports Behavior Driven Development (BDD). It is written in plain English text called Gherkin. It is defined as a scenario of inputs, actions and outcomes. Gherkin interprets human input into the software concept of input/process and actions.

What are the disadvantages of Cucumber framework?

Drawbacks of Cucumber in BDD

The whole cucumber – Gherkin combination adds another layer of complexity. Suddenly besides writing generic enough functions in Java or JavaScript, the developer or tester or analyst must write steps that can be reused while being specific enough to differentiate between the scenarios.

How is BDD different from TDD?

What You’re Testing. BDD is designed to test an application’s behavior from the end user’s standpoint, whereas TDD is focused on testing smaller pieces of functionality in isolation.

How do I start Cucumber framework?

Set Up Cucumber with Selenium in Eclipse

  1. Download and Install Java.
  2. Download and Start Eclipse.
  3. Install Cucumber Eclipse Plugin.
  4. Download Cucumber for Eclipse.
  5. Configure Eclipse with Cucumber.

Is Selenium a BDD?

Cucumber and Selenium are widely used frameworks for BDD(Behaviour Driven Development) and browser automation respectively.

How do you write BDD framework?

BDD (Behavior Driven Development) Framework: A Complete Tutorial

  1. #1) Coverage of User Stories.
  2. #2) Clarity of Scenarios.
  3. #3) Automation of Test Scenarios.
  4. #4) Code Reuse in Framework.
  5. #5) Parameterization in Feature File.
  6. #6) Continuous Integration – Easy to Integrate.

How do you write BDD test cases?

Using BDD with gherkin syntax

  1. Start with your user stories. As a team, go through your user stories and write BDD scenarios using the keywords GIVEN, WHEN, and THEN (AND, BUT can be used as well) …
  2. Automate your BDD scenarios. …
  3. Implement the features.
  4. Run the automated BDD scenarios to show the feature is completed.
  5. Repeat.

Is Selenium a framework?

Selenium is a portable software testing framework for web applications. The tests can be written as HTML tables or coded in a number of popular programming languages.

Why do we test cucumbers?

Cucumber is an open-source software testing tool written in Ruby. Cucumber enables you to write test cases that anyone can easily understand regardless of their technical knowledge.

What is Gherkin format?

Gherkin is a business readable language which helps you to describe business behavior without going into details of implementation. It is a domain specific language for defining tests in Cucumber format for specifications. … Gherkin format is based on TreeTop Grammar which exists in 37+ languages.

Is TestNG BDD or TDD?

Some of the tools which support TDD are: JUnit, TestNG, NUnit, etc. Some of the tools which support BDD are SpecFlow, Cucumber, MSpec, etc.

Why is TDD bad?

TDD is Time Consuming and Costly, in both Short Term and Long Term. In previous section we’ve already discussed why TDD is time consuming in short term: you have to spend significant time on refactoring and rewriting your code. But in the long term it will cost more time as well. Remember, test cases are code, too.

Is JUnit a TDD?

JUnit is a unit testing framework designed for Java programming language. Since unit tests are the smallest elements in the test automation process. With the help of unit tests, we can check the business logic of any class. So JUnit plays an important role in the development of a test-driven development framework.

What is difference between cucumber and selenium?

Selenium is an automation tool for web apps, while Cucumber is an automation tool for behavior-driven development. Selenium executes UI tests while Cucumber does acceptance testing. … Cucumber is a behavior-driven development tool that can be used with Selenium (or Appium).

What is the side effect of cucumber?

Cucumber is also not a friendly snack for people with sensitive stomachs. It contains an ingredient called cucurbitacin, which is a powerful ingredient, known to cause indigestion problems. Even a little growling or indigestion can lead to flatulence or burping, which again makes it difficult to rest with ease.

What is POM model?

Page Object Model, also known as POM, is a design pattern in Selenium that creates an object repository for storing all web elements. It is useful in reducing code duplication and improves test case maintenance.

Is cucumber acidic or basic?

It is alkaline in nature. It helps in maintaining the pH level of our body. A well-balanced pH level reverses ageing. ”

What is difference between cucumber and gherkin?

A gherkin isn’t simply a cucumber you’d buy in the supermarket that’s been pickled. It’s a specific variety of small cucumber that is purposely used for pickling aka turning into a gherkin. You can pickle a regular cucumber, but it won’t turn out exactly like a gherkin.

How do you make a BDD cucumber framework?


  1. Create feature file in which define the feature and scenarios step by step using Gherkin language.
  2. Create Testrunner file. In this file, we integrated Cucumber with BDD framework in Selenium. We execute this script.
  3. Creat Step definition, the actual selenium script defined under this package.