What Abbreviations Do Not Use Periods?

Do not use state abbreviations simply to save time or space except in an address on an envelope or list. We do not use periods with state abbreviations: CT, NY, NJ.

Does the abbreviation VS have a period?

3 Answers. In legal contexts, the abbreviation “v.” is used. Elsewhere, the most common is “vs.”. In formal contexts (e.g. scientific papers), it is probably best to have the period at the end of the abbreviation.

Does a period go after an abbreviation?

In American English, we always put a period after an abbreviation; it doesn’t matter whether the abbreviation is the first two letters of the word (as in Dr. for Drive) or the first and last letter (as in Dr. … for Mister) do not get a period.

Does v Mean versus?

Versus, meaning “against, opposed to” or “in contrast to,” is often abbreviated to vs. in sports coverage and to v. Versus and its abbreviations are not italicized. …

Are AM and PM capitalized with periods?

In running text, a.m. and p.m. are generally lowercased, with periods after each of the letters. But these abbreviations may also be capitalized—for example, in headings, signs, and notices.

Does Blvd have a period?

Use the abbreviations Ave., Blvd. … Do not use periods in quadrant abbreviations—NW, SE: 2333 E.

What is the rule for state abbreviations?

Each state has its own unique shortened name codes used in written documents and mailing addresses. The state abbreviations are always in the same format: two letter abbreviations where both letters are uppercase and no periods or spaces between each letter. This format is the official USPS postal abbreviation.

Why are full stops used in abbreviations?

True abbreviations usually take one or more full stops to indicate the missing letters of the words concerned (as in Nov. and i.e., with the latter representing the Latin ‘id est,’ meaning ‘that is’). Contractions, on the other hand, do not use stops (Mr and Mrs).

What is Mrs short for?

Despite its pronunciation, the abbreviation Mrs. is derived from the title mistress, which accounts for that confusing extra letter. Mistress is the counterpart of master, which—you guessed it—is abbreviated to Mr. (Of course, English speakers now pronounce the title Mr. as “mister.”)

What are the rules for abbreviations?

Rules for Abbreviations

  • Introduce Them with Parentheses. …
  • Abbreviate Personal and Professional Titles. …
  • Only Abbreviate Well-Known Terms. …
  • Look Closely at Initialisms. …
  • Keep Date Abbreviations Informal. …
  • Time and Time Zones Can Follow Several Styles. …
  • There Are USPS Standards for Addresses. …
  • Latin Abbreviations Need Punctuation.

How did states get 2 letter abbreviations?

To make room for the ZIP Code, state names needed to be abbreviated. The Department provided an initial list of abbreviations in June 1963, but many had three or four letters, which was still too long. In October 1963, the Department settled on the current two-letter abbreviations.

Does fl oz need a period?

Periods after units of measurement

Abbreviations of non-metric units, common in American usage, may also be followed by a period. mi., yd., ft., in. lb., oz. qt., fl.

Do you need a period after St?

Do not use a period to end a sentence which ends with an abbreviation which itself ends with a period. Typical abbreviations which end with a period are: Mr., Mrs., Ms., St. (street or Saint), Mt. (mountain), Dr., Jr., Fri., Feb., a.m. and p.m. (Note: Do not abbreviate professor to Prof.

Should AM or PM be capitalized?

The abbreviations A.M. and P.M. should be capitalized in titles. However, the abbreviations should still have periods between the letters and the time numerals should be separated from the abbreviation by a period. … Although A.M. and P.M. are two letters in length, they should be capitalized in a title.

Is 12 00pm a midnight?

When using a 12-hour clock, 12 pm typically refers to noon and 12 am means midnight. While most people follow this convention, technically this isn’t quite right. To avoid any confusion, 12 o’clock should be written as 12 noon or 12 midnight instead.

Is PM in the night?

From the Latin words meridies (midday), ante (before) and post (after), the term ante meridiem (a.m.) means before midday and post meridiem (p.m.) means after midday. … Richards in his book Mapping Time provided a diagram in which 12 a.m. means noon and 12 p.m. means midnight.

How do you pronounce vs?

The abbreviated form vs. is pronounced “versus.” This legal abbreviation is usually pronounced like the name of the letter: “vee,” but I’ve heard lawyer characters on Law and Order say “versus.” Note: The title of a court case, like the title of a book, is italicized, including the v.

Is versus a formal word?

In other contexts, “vs.” (American English) or “vs” (British English) can be used as an abbreviation. This usage is more casual than writing out “versus.” If you’re unsure what’s appropriate, just write it out—using the full word “versus” is rarely inappropriate, except perhaps in formal legal contexts.


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