What Abbreviations Require A Period?

Rules for Abbreviations

  • Introduce Them with Parentheses. …
  • Abbreviate Personal and Professional Titles. …
  • Only Abbreviate Well-Known Terms. …
  • Look Closely at Initialisms. …
  • Keep Date Abbreviations Informal. …
  • Time and Time Zones Can Follow Several Styles. …
  • There Are USPS Standards for Addresses. …
  • Latin Abbreviations Need Punctuation.

How do you punctuate after an abbreviation?

Abbreviate Courtesy Titles and Personal Titles

Use a comma before and after an abbreviation in a sentence, except with the abbreviations Jr. and Sr. Nancy Wright, RN, was promoted to head nurse.

Do abbreviations need full stops?

In an abbreviation, use full stops and capital letters in the conventional way. Do not forget to punctuate the rest of the sentence normally.

Do you put second period after abbreviation?

If a sentence ends with an abbreviation followed by a period, should I insert another period to mark the end of the sentence? No. … If a sentence ends with an abbreviation followed by a period, do not add an additional period: She explained the rules for periods, commas, semicolons, etc.

Do you put periods after initials?

Periods are often used after initials that appear before a person’s surname. When initials are used by themselves to stand for an entire name (without a surname), no periods are used (John F. Kennedy but JFK).

Should Blvd have a period?

Use the abbreviations Ave., Blvd. and St. … Do not use periods in quadrant abbreviations—NW, SE: 2333 E.

Do state abbreviations need periods?

We do not use periods with state abbreviations: CT, NY, NJ. … The U.S. postal service, incidentally, does not insert a comma between the city and the abbreviated state name: Hartford CT, Portland OR — at least not in the addresses on envelopes.

Does BC need period?

Is it BC or B.C.? BCE or B.C.E.? Well, it depends on which style guide or dictionary you follow. Merriam‑Webster Dictionary (American English) lists these entries with capital letters and no periods (e.g., BC), but notes that they are often punctuated and/or written in small capitals (e.g., B.C.).

When should you abbreviate?

An abbreviation, simply put, is a shortened form of a word. In writing, abbreviations are useful when you need to squeeze a lot of writing into a small space. You can also use them in place of long or cumbersome phrases to make your sentences easier to read.

Do abbreviations need to be capitalized?

In general, common nouns are not capitalized when they’re written out as words, but the abbreviations are ALWAYS capitalized—whether they’re units, elements, or acronyms. Elements, even those derived from proper names (curium, francium), are always written lower case when they are written out as words.

Can you add S to abbreviation?

When an item belongs to one item/acronym (singular), you add an apostrophe and an ‘s’ to the acronym. For example: The TES’s story about the UFOs was interesting.

Do month abbreviations need a period?

A recent AP STYLEBOOK says, “When a month is used with a specific date, abbreviate only Jan., Feb., Aug., Sept., Oct., Nov. and Dec. Spell out when using alone, or with a year alone.” It says that in tabular material, use three-letter forms without a period (the first three letters of each month).

Should LLC have a period after it?

Is a Period Used After LLC? Since the legal name and designation of your business entity is a formal and final form of your business choice, you should use a period in the Inc. formation. Again, a period is not required, but it is rarely not used.

Are AM and PM capitalized with periods?

In running text, a.m. and p.m. are generally lowercased, with periods after each of the letters. But these abbreviations may also be capitalized—for example, in headings, signs, and notices.

What is the rule for state abbreviations?

Each state has its own unique shortened name codes used in written documents and mailing addresses. The state abbreviations are always in the same format: two letter abbreviations where both letters are uppercase and no periods or spaces between each letter. This format is the official USPS postal abbreviation.

When did state abbreviations change to 2 letters?

To make room for the ZIP Code, state names needed to be abbreviated. The Department provided an initial list of abbreviations in June 1963, but many had three or four letters, which was still too long. In October 1963, the Department settled on the current two-letter abbreviations.

Do you put a period after Ms or Mr?

Ms. is not an abbreviation, either, but we do use a period after it – to keep it consistent with Mr. and Mrs. Use a period with titles after names. *Note that different reference manuals have different recommendations about using periods with degrees, so use your own judgment on this issue.

Does the abbreviation for ounce have a period?

Measurements. Most measurements and scientific abbreviations do not use periods, but standard United States measurements and time abbreviations have a period at the end. oz. (ounce)(The z in oz.

How do you punctuate an address?

When you include an address in a sentence, be sure to place a comma after the street and after the city. Do not place a comma between the state and the zip code. Like a date, if you need to continue the sentence after adding the address, simply add a comma after the address.

What is the correct abbreviation for Reverend?

The usual abbreviations for Reverend are Rev., Revd and Rev’d. The Reverend is traditionally used as an adjectival form with first names (or initials) and surname (e.g. The Reverend John Smith or The Reverend J.F.

Should initials have periods UK?

In British English we do use full points between a person’s initials, but normally with no space between them. For other initials and acronyms, no punctuation is used, e.g. UK, USA, NATO, NHS, WHO.

Do you put two periods after us?

No, only one period is used when a sentence ends in an abbreviation, as far as I know.

Does APA require 2 spaces after a period?

Use one space after a period (or other punctuation mark at the end of a sentence) when writing in APA Style. However, if your instructor or non-APA publisher has other requirements (e.g., to use two spaces), follow their specifications.

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