What Are Examples Of Parenteral Administration?

  • Subcutaneous (under the skin)
  • Intramuscular (in a muscle)
  • Intravenous (in a vein)
  • Intrathecal (around the spinal cord)

What is an example of a parenteral medication?

Examples of common parenteral routes are intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous (subcut), intradermal (ID), and intravenous (IV). Medications administered by the parenteral route generally act more quickly than oral medications because they are absorbed more rapidly into the bloodstream.

What are the 4 types of parenteral drug administration?

Needle insertion angles for 4 types of parenteral administration of medication: intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intradermal injection.

What is the purpose of parenteral administration?

Parenteral medications enter the body by injection through the tissue and circulatory system. Injection medications are absorbed more quickly and are used with patients who are nauseated, vomiting, restricted from taking oral fluids, or unable to swallow.

What are the 5 parenteral routes?

There are five commonly used routes of parenteral (route other than digestive tract) administration: subcutaneous (SC/SQ), intraperitoneal (IP), intravenous (IV), intrader- mal (ID), and intramuscular (IM). Not all techniques are appropriate for each species.

Is epidural a parenteral route?

The most common parenteral routes of drug administration are intravenous, intraosseous, intramuscular, subcutaneous, epidural, and intradermal. … Many medications, fluids, and blood products are administered intravenously.

What are the reasons why medications are given parenterally?

There are several reasons why medications may be prescribed via the parenteral route. Medications administered parenterally are absorbed more quickly compared to oral ingestion, meaning they have a faster onset of action.

What are parenteral injections?

Parenteral drugs refer to drugs using non-oral means of administration by injecting the drug directly into the body typically through three common routes of administration: intramuscular, subcutaneous and intravenous.

What medication is TPN?

Total parenteral nutrition is a medication used in the management and treatment of malnourishment. It is in the nutrition class of drugs.

Under what circumstances are parenteral injections administered?

Parenteral administration is preferred at times over other drug-administrations routes, such as in emergency situations of cardiac arrest and anaphylactic shock (Shi et al., 2009).

What is parenteral drug?

Parenteral drug administration refers to drugs given by routes other than the digestive tract. The term parenteral is usually used for drugs given by injection or infusion. The enteral route usually refers to taking drugs by mouth.

What does parenteral controlled substances mean?

DEFINITIONS: Controlled Substance – a schedule I, II, III, IV, or V drug or other substance. Parenteral – substance administered/given by a route other than the alimentary canal. PROCEDURE: … The Food and Drug Administration website provides schedules of Controlled Substances.

Do parenteral drugs bypass the first pass effect?

Intravenous (IV)

Injection straight into the systemic circulation is the most common parenteral route. It is the fastest and most certain and controlled way. It bypasses absorption barriers and first-pass metabolism.

Where are iv injections given?

With standard IV administration, a needle is usually inserted into a vein in your wrist, elbow, or the back of your hand. The catheter is then pushed over the needle. The needle is removed, and the catheter remains in your vein. All IV catheters are typically given in a hospital or clinic.

What is the parenteral route of drug administration?

Parenteral drug administration can be taken literally to mean any non-oral means of drug administration, but it is generally interpreted as relating to injection directly into the body, by-passing the skin and mucous membranes. The common routes of parenteral administration are intramuscular (IM), subcutaneous and IV.

What is parenteral contact?

Parenteral exposure is defined as subcutaneous, intramuscular or intravenous contact with blood or other body fluid of an HIV-1 infected individual, but not mucocutaneous contact.

What is the parenteral route of infection?

Parenteral transmission refers to the process of acquiring an infectious agent into one’s body through something other than the gastrointestinal (or enteral) route.

What is parenteral preparation?

Parenteral preparations are defined as solutions, suspensions, emulsions for injection or infusion, powders for injection or infusion, gels for injection and implants. They are sterile preparations intended to be administrated directly into the systemic circulation in human or animal body.

What complications are possible when we use parenteral medications?

The complications associated with the parenteral administration of drugs include intramuscular administration, anatomical and procedural considerations, local muscle reaction: from mild inflammation to abscess formation, clostridial myonecrosis, intra-synovial administration, post-injection synovitis and lameness, and …

What are the disadvantages of parenteral drug administration?

Disadvantages of parenteral preparations to the patient include lack of drug reversal, risk of infection and emboli, risk of hypersensitivity reactions, and cost.

Is intranasal considered parenteral?


For small therapeutic molecules, various routes for drug administration are parenteral (intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous), oral, nasal, ocular, transmucosal (buccal, vaginal, and rectal), and transdermal.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the parenteral route?

Drug for uncooperative, nauseous or unconscious patients must he administered by injection. some cases the patient cannot be relied upon to take oral administration. 5. Parenteral administration can results in local effect for drugs when desired., as in dentistry and anesthesiology.

Is intradermal a parenteral route?

Intradermal injections (ID) are injections administered into the dermis, just below the epidermis. The ID injection route has the longest absorption time of all parenteral routes. These types of injections are used for sensitivity tests, such as TB (see Figure 7.13), allergy, and local anesthesia tests.

What drugs are considered parenteral controlled substances?

In order for it to be counted as ‘parenteral controlled substance’ it must be actively being monitored for toxicity. i.e. Heparin, orders to draw partial thromboplastin time (PTT), Dilantin, monitor phenytoin levels, bronchodilators, monitored with theophylline level.

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