What Did The Melians Argue About At The Melian Dialogue?

By attacking Melos, the Athenians would alienate neutral states and thus add to the number and power of their own enemies. You just studied 8 terms!

What did the Peloponnesian War lead to the end of?

It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded. Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece.

Why do you think Sparta decided not to destroy Athens?

As Thebes grew richer, Sparta grew more wary of accidentally creating a new powerful rival. Given Athens’ generations-old enmity towards Thebes, it would be safer for Sparta to preserve Athens as a buffer, absorbing Theban aggression and allowing for shrewd alliance politics if the need arose.

What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?

What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The Greek empire doubled in size. The Greek empire split, granting Sparta independence. The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end.

Who won the Peloponnesian wars?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami , Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

Did Sparta help Melos?

It ended in disaster. Melos was an island in the Aegean Sea, between Greece and the Persian Empire. Although it had originally been a Spartan colony, it had recently been independent and neutral. Melos had not taken sides with either Athens or Sparta in the war.

Why did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?

Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. … The invasion lost Alcibiades, all of the army and navy, and Athens’ morale. Though the war dragged on for another decade, the combined effects of those two problems lost the Peloponnesian War for Athens.

What is Pericles funeral oration about summary?

Pericles was a famous Greek general. He gave a speech in Athens, a public speech, honoring the many warriors who were killed in battle after the first year of the Peloponnesian War. He stated that the soldiers who died gave their lives to protect the city of Athens, its citizens, and its freedom. …

Who won Sparta or Persia?

The Greek forces, mostly Spartan, were led by Leonidas. After three days of holding their own against the Persian king Xerxes I and his vast southward-advancing army, the Greeks were betrayed, and the Persians were able to outflank them.

Are there any Spartans left?

Spartans are still there. Sparta was just the capital of Lacedaemonia, hence the L on their shields, not an S but an L… … So yes, the Spartans or else the Lacedeamoneans are still there and they were into isolation for the most part of their history and opened up to the world just the last 50 years.

Why is the Peloponnesian War important?

The Peloponnesian War marked the end of the Golden Age of Greece, a change in styles of warfare, and the fall of Athens, once the strongest city-state in Greece. The balance in power in Greece was shifted when Athens was absorbed into the Spartan Empire.

How did Greek politics change by the end of the Peloponnesian War?

How did Greece change after the Peloponnesian War? Sparta became the dominant power but was not strong enough to control Greece. This led to fighting between Sparta, Thebes, and Athens for control.

Which was the most important effect of the Peloponnesian War?

The most important effect of the Peloponnesian War was the fact that other nations saw Greece’s lack of unification as weak. The Peloponnesian War was the armed conflict between Sparta its allies and Athens and its allies to gain control over Athens.

Is 300 a real story?

The film ‘300’ focuses on one battle during the long Greco-Persian Wars, the armed conflicts between the Persian Empire and the Greek city-states of the time. … Therefore, historical inaccuracies are unavoidable and excusable since the film is not based on real history but on a fantasy graphic novel.

Is 300 rise of an empire based on a true story?

Both films are loosely based on fact. The first is about the Battle of Thermopylae (480 B.C.), where 300 Spartans fought to the death to defend Greece against a massive invading Persian army. The dead included Sparta’s king, Leonidas. Terrible as the defeat was, it inspired Greece’s resistance and eventual victory.

Where are the 300 Spartans buried?

The tomb of Leonidas is the only preserved monument of the Ancient Agora. The tomb of Leonidas, north to the modern town of Sparta, is an emblem and an important monument, as it is the only monument preserved from the Ancient Agora.

Do the Hot Gates still exist?

The hot springs from which the pass derives its name still exists close to the foot of the hill.

Did Spartans throw babies off cliffs?

The Greek myth that ancient Spartans threw their stunted and sickly newborns off a cliff was not corroborated by archaeological digs in the area, researchers said Monday. … “It is probably a myth, the ancient sources of this so-called practice were rare, late and imprecise,” he added.

Who killed Xerxes?

In August 465 BC, Artabanus, the commander of the royal bodyguard and the most powerful official in the Persian court, assassinated Xerxes with the help of a eunuch, Aspamitres.

How did the Spartans fall?

Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service. … Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline.

What is the top of the Parthenon called?

There are two sculpted, triangular-shaped gables known as pediments on each end of the Parthenon. The East pediment depicted Athena’s birth from the head of her father, Zeus. The West pediment showed the conflict between Athena and Poseidon to claim Attica, an ancient region of Greece which included the city of Athens.


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