The term comes from the Balkan Peninsula of Europe, a region that has balkanized may time, and is still undergoing balkanization. EXAMPLES: The former Yugoslavia has become five independent countries and the province of Kosovo is currently fighting to break away of what is left of Yugoslavia.
Why is it called Balkanization?
Division of a place or country into several small political units, often unfriendly to one another. The term balkanization comes from the name of the Balkan Peninsula, which was divided into several small nations in the early twentieth century.
What is the opposite of Balkanization?
Opposite of fragmentation of nation states. alliance. amalgamation. defragmentation.
What is the importance of balkanization?
In many instances, balkanization is used as a term to describe the devolution of larger countries and states as a result of multi-ethnicity leading to ethnic fragmentation and an overall feeling of political fragmentation. In these instances, balkanization can lead to dictatorship or even ethnic cleansing.
How did balkanization occur in Europe?
In the 1950s and 1960s, balkanization began occurring outside of the Balkans and Europe when several British and French colonial empires began fragmenting and breaking up in Africa. Balkanization was at its height in the early 1990s however when the Soviet Union collapsed and the former Yugoslavia disintegrated.
How do you use balkanized in a sentence?
balkanized in a sentence
- The Vineyard is simply too Balkanized to have a literary colony.
- All of these things, I believe, Balkanize my state,
- These communities want to Balkanize and take their tax base with them.
- There is no reason why this country should be balkanized even more.
Is balkanization a centrifugal?
If these centrifugal forces reach a critical stage, it can lead to Balkanization, which is the process where a state breaks down through struggles among ethnic groups.
What is Balkanization in human geography?
Balkanized: term used to describe a small geographic area that could not successfully. be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many. ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
Is Croatia a Balkan country?
The Global Philanthropy Environment Index “Balkan Countries” region includes Croatia and the countries of the Western Balkans: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia. All of these ecnomies are also part of the United Nations Southern Europe Region.
What is balkanization and what causes it to occur?
Balkanization is the fragmentation of a larger region or state into smaller regions or states, which may be hostile or uncooperative with one another. It is usually caused by differences of ethnicity, culture, and religion and some other factors such as past grievances.
What does the term Balkanization mean quizlet?
Balkanization. A state breaks down over conflict among ethnicities. Balkanized. A small area that can not be organized into stable states because of other ethnicities already inhabiting it that have a long-standing antagonisms towards one other.
Is Balkanization capitalized?
Note: the Merriam-Webster entry for balkanize is lowercase, with the notation, “often capitalized.” … Because of ethnic and religious differences among their populations, these new “Balkanized” states were often hostile to one another.
How do you use sinister in a sentence?
Sinister sentence example
- There was a moment of sinister silence, then a multitudinous stirring of the leaves. …
- I was in the country when I reached under the seat and retrieved a long and sinister knife. …
- His face had a sinister , troubled expression; but an enigmatical smile played perpetually around his lips.
What is a sentence for Interwoven?
Their working and private lives were intricately interwoven. They become interwoven into the fabric of the achievements and disappointments of entire careers. Deeper meanings are interwoven with our daily decisions. Past and present are interwoven in a tapestry of memories.
How do you use demean in a sentence?
Demean sentence example
- And she’d never demean herself to that man. …
- “You do not normally demean yourself by talking to someone as lowly as I am,” he replied, turning. …
- The mother-in-law would demean her, as a way to abase the young wife in the son’s eyes.
Why are the Balkans so unstable?
The Balkans have traditionally been an area of turmoil and political instability. The explosion of nationalism throughout the region and the intervention of the Great Powers in the 1800s earned the area the reputation as the powder keg of Europe.
What country was Serbia part of?
Serbia, country in the west-central Balkans. For most of the 20th century, it was a part of Yugoslavia.
Which country has experienced the most extreme Balkanization?
Which country has experienced the most extreme “balkanization” since the dissolution of the Soviet Union? French Polynesia.
What does ethnic cleansing?
“Ethnic cleansing” has been defined as the attempt to get rid of (through deportation, displacement or even mass killing) members of an unwanted ethnic group in order to establish an ethnically homogenous geographic area.
What is the difference between Balkanization and ethnic cleansing?
Application: Balkanization is the destruction of a state due to ethnic conflicts–obviously its pretty important. Example:The holocaust was an example of an (attempted) ethnic cleansing. Application: The whole idea of ethnic cleansing is atrocious because it is the attempt to wipe out an entire ethnicity.
Which countries are included in Balkan?
The Balkans are usually characterized as comprising Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Slovenia—with all or part of each of those countries located within the peninsula.