What Is Meaning Of Medico Legal?

The medicolegal death investigation system is responsible for conducting death investigations and certifying the cause and manner of unnatural and unexplained deaths. … Death investigations carry broad societal importance for criminal justice and public health.

How do I get medico legal?

Any hospital may issue a medico legal certificate.

Here are the steps on how to secure a medical certificate for medico-legal cases:

  1. Seek treatment immediately. …
  2. Have medical treatment. …
  3. Request for medical certificate for medico-legal cases. …
  4. Proceed to the Records Section. …
  5. Pay the certificate fee.

How do you write medico legally?

The report should have:

  1. Title page with all the required information of the claimant.
  2. Date of the report submission.
  3. Date of examination.
  4. Client’s full name and date of birth.
  5. Identity of the involved parties.
  6. Nature of the report.
  7. Expert’s details (name, current post, registration number, license, and area of expertise)

What are the types of medico-legal cases?

Cases that are to be treated as medicolegal are: (1) All cases of injuries and burns – the circumstances of which suggest commission of an offense by somebody (irrespective of suspicion of foul play); (2) all vehicular, factory, or other unnatural accident cases specially when there is a likelihood of patient′s death …

What is a medico-legal expert?

Medical Jurisprudence. Medical jurisprudence is the scientific field that applies medical knowledge to legal problems. Cases that fall under this realm of medico-legal practice require independent medical evaluations and expert testimony in order to prove a case.

What is medico-legal autopsy?

This is achieved by inquiry and at the conclusion of the inquest a verdict is arrived as to whether the death was due to a natural, accidental, suicidal or a homicidal cause. … In these situations the authority which conducts the inquest will order a doctor to perform a postmortem examination (medico-legal autopsy).

What are the aims of medico-legal autopsy?

Medico-legal (ML) autopsy is performed with the aim of providing answers to questions about the identity, cause of death, time of death, circumstances of death, etc, thus helping the law enforcing agencies to solve the crime.

What are the 4 types of autopsies that are performed?


  • Autopsy.
  • Post-mortem.
  • Forensic autopsy.
  • Clinical autopsy.
  • External examination.
  • Internal examination.
  • Reconstitution of the body.

How autopsy is important in medico-legal cases?

Medico-legal autopsies usually provide information in connection with violent acts and may provide relevant insight into cases of suicidal, accidental, or unnatural death. The relative volume of autopsies performed can, however, vary from country to country depending on their particular legislation .

Who can label a case as medico legal?

6. Labelling a case as MLC. (a) RMO / Casualty medical officer / MO in charge of MI Room / Duty Medical Officer (DMO) / MO In charge ward who is attending to the case, may label a case as a MLC.

What is MLC in police case?

MEDICO-LEGAL CASE {MLC} a. Definition of Medico-legal Case. Cases wherever attending doctor after taking history and clinical examination of the patient thinks that some investigation by law enforcing agencies are essential so as to fix the responsibility regarding the case in accordance with the law of land.

Who can declare death in India?

S. 8 of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 lays down the following: 1. When death has taken place in a house: Head of the house or nearest relative of the head of the House or oldest person in the family can register the death.

What are medicolegal issues?

Medicolegal issues that have risen to the forefront include wrong-site surgery, delegation of procedures to nonphysician operators, and compounding of medications.

What are the 5 manners of death?

The classifications are natural, accident, suicide, homicide, undetermined, and pending. Only medical examiner’s and coroners may use all of the manners of death.

What are the two types of autopsy?

What is an Autopsy? Autopsies can be divided into two main types: the forensic (or medico-legal) and the medical (or clinical).

Who is authorized by autopsy by law?

Person authorized to autopsy. The autopsy and dissection of remains shall be performed by any of the following qualified persons: a) Government health officers; b) Medical officers of law enforcement agencies; and c) Members of the medical staff of accredited hospitals.

How long does the body stay alive after death?

Muscle cells live on for several hours. Bone and skin cells can stay alive for several days. It takes around 12 hours for a human body to be cool to the touch and 24 hours to cool to the core. Rigor mortis commences after three hours and lasts until 36 hours after death.

How can I get a free autopsy?

Sometimes the hospital where the patient died will perform an autopsy free of charge to the family or at the request of the doctor treating the patient. However, not all hospitals provide this service. Check with the individual hospital as to their policies.

What is the most common cut during an autopsy?

Ed Uthman, a Texas pathologist who has written a screenwriter’s guide to autopsies. “The most common error is making the trunk incision wrong,” Uthman said.

What is the first cut made to the body during an autopsy?

the y incision is the first cut made , the arms of the y extend from the front if each shoulder to the bottom end of the breastbone , the tail of the y extends from sternum to pubic bone , and typically deviates to avoid the navel.

Do they put your organs back in after an autopsy?

At the end of an autopsy, the incisions made in the body are sewn closed. The organs may be returned to the body prior to closing the incision or they may be retained for teaching, research, and diagnostic purposes. It is permissible to ask about this when giving consent for an autopsy to be performed.

Who pays for an autopsy when someone dies?

Autopsies help doctors learn more about illness and ways to improve medical care. For this reason, some are performed without charge. These can include those done at the hospital where the person died. … You do not have to pay for an autopsy if it is required by law.

Are autopsies free?

If the death occurred in the hospital, request that the institution’s own pathologists perform the autopsy — for free. … Even when the cause of death seems apparent, an autopsy can provide critical information for survivors.