What Was Ogham Written On?

Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century. It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin.

What language is Ogham?

Ogham (/ˈɒɡəm/ OG-əm, Modern Irish: ; Old Irish: ogam ) is an Early Medieval alphabet used primarily to write the early Irish language (in the “orthodox” inscriptions, 4th to 6th centuries CE), and later the Old Irish language (scholastic ogham, 6th to 9th centuries).

What is Ogham and how was it used?

Ogham is an alphabet that appears on monumental inscriptions dating from the 4th to the 6th century AD, and in manuscripts dating from the 6th to the 9th century. It was used mainly to write Primitive and Old Irish, and also to write Old Welsh, Pictish and Latin.

Is Ogham used today?

Nowadays, Ogham are popular as tools of divination reflecting these meanings, often carved out of the sacred trees the Ogham are said to represent. An Ogham set consists of 25 wooden staves, each carved with its own Ogham symbol representing a spiritual meaning.

What is Y in Ogham?

The letter J and S are the same in Ogham. The letter W is substituted for the letter U. The letter X is substituted for the letter K. The letter Y is substituted for the letter I(i).

Is Ogham the oldest language?

Ogham was the written version of Primitive Irish – the oldest form of the Irish language. Most of our current knowledge about Primitive Irish comes from the dozens of Ogham Stones located throughout the country.

How do you read an Ogham stone?


  1. Ogham (pronounced ‘oh-am’) is a primitive alphabet which takes the form of linear strokes cut into stone, etched onto wood or written down.
  2. Inscriptions are read from the bottom left upwards. Longer passages sometime continue, and are read, across the top and down the right side.

How do you read Ogham writing?

Each character is formed by a series of strokes. We read these from the bottom to the top along the central line. Primarily found in Ireland and Western Wales, each letter is associated with a tree or plant. Ogham is believed to have been mainly written in Old Irish.

What are the Ogham trees?

Natural History of the Trees of the Celtic Ogham

  • Beith. (BEH), birch – The silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) is the most common tree birch in much of Europe. …
  • Luis. (LWEESH), rowan – The rowan, or mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia L.) is related to serviceberries. …
  • Fern. …
  • Sail. …
  • Nion. …
  • Uath. …
  • Dair. …
  • Tinne.

What do Ogham stones say?

Ogham inscriptions consist of names of individuals (in the genitive or possessive case), sometimes followed by the father’s name and occasionally an ancestor or kin group name and they are almost always men.

Did the Welsh use Ogham?

Ogham was used to write in Archaic Irish, Old Welsh and Latin mostly on wood and stone and is based on a high medieval Briatharogam tradition of ascribing the name of trees to individual characters. The inscriptions containing Ogham are almost exclusively made up of personal names and marks of land ownership.

What is Celtic writing?

Celtic literature, the body of writings composed in Gaelic and the languages derived from it, Scottish Gaelic and Manx, and in Welsh and its sister languages, Breton and Cornish. For writings in English by Irish, Scottish, and Welsh authors, see English literature.

Where is ogham found?

The vast bulk of the surviving ogham inscriptions stretch in arc from County Kerry (especially Corcu Duibne) in the south of Ireland across to Dyfed in south Wales. The remainder are mostly in south-eastern Ireland, eastern and northern Scotland, the Isle of Man, and England around the Devon/Cornwall border.

Can we read ogham?

Unless you’re fluent in ancient forms of Gaelic, reading the stones will prove fairly difficult. However, if you’re patient and have a keen eye, you can translate each stone to a legible form of Primitive Irish and translate that into your language.

What is an ohm stone?

Ogham is the earliest form of writing in Ireland, it dates to around 4th century A.D. and was in use for around 500 years. The Ogham alphabet is made up of a series of strokes along or across a line. … The alphabet was carved on standing stones to commemorate someone, using the edge of the stone as the centre line.

How do you write the name ogham?

Ogham is written from the bottom of the central line to the top. There are certain letters in the English alphabet that do not have a direct translation in Ogham like J, V and Y. To compensate we spell the word phonetically so we use an I for Y and F for V.

How do you pronounce OGAM?

Ogam (medieval Irish) I pronounce as oggum; Ogham (modern Irish) I pronounce as ohm.

What is the ogham tree calendar?

The Celtic Tree Calendar is based on the ogham alphabet and its association with trees. It consists of 13 months, each 28 days long, following the lunar cycle, as Roman accounts have suggested the Druids did, with one extra day representing the 23rd December, the ‘Day of Creation’.

What does the word Ogham mean?

: the alphabetic system of fifth and sixth century Irish in which an alphabet of 20 letters is represented by notches for vowels and lines for consonants and which is known principally from inscriptions cut on the edges of rough standing tombstones.

Is Ogham a Celtic?

Ogham, known as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet,’ dates back centuries and has several theories about its origins. Traces of Ogham can still be found all across Ireland. The ancient script of Ogham, sometimes known now as the ‘Celtic Tree Alphabet,’ originally contained 20 letters grouped into four groups of five.