Where And When Was The Alma-Ata Declaration Held?

The Alma-Ata Declaration recognizes the chasm in healthy living for people of developing and underdeveloped nations. Furthermore, it recognizes the social, political, and economic unacceptability of such inequality, and it places an emphasis on bridging that gap.

What is the Alma-Ata Declaration from 1978 and what progress have we made in the past 40 years?

The Alma Ata Declaration in 1978 expanded the approach to improving health for all people from the focus on doctors, hospitals and biomedical advances to include human rights, concern for equity and community participation.

What is the new name for Alma Ata?

From Alma-Ata 1978 to Astana 2018.

When was the Alma Ata International Conference for primary health care held?

About. The watershed International Conference on Primary Health Care (6–12 September, 1978) was held in Alma Ata, Kazakhstan.

Why was the Alma Ata Declaration unsuccessful?

Alma Ata failed in some countries because the Government of such countries refused to put strategies towards sustaining a strong and vibrant primary health care system that is appropriate to the health needs of the community such that access is improved, participation and partnership is encouraged and health is …

Which year the Alma Ata declaration affirmed that health is a fundamental human right?

Declaration of Alma-Ata, International Conference on Primary Health Care (1978). Available at: http://www.who.int/publications/almaata_declaration_en.pdf.

What year that the WHO declared the theme Health for All by the year 2000?

In 1977 the World Health Assembly decided that the main social target of Background governments and of WHO should be the attainment by all the people of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life, popularly known as “health for all by the …

Was Alma Ata successful?

The 1978 Alma Ata conference and declaration was a landmark in defining and providing a direction for primary healthcare. Despite the initial enthusiasm for Alma Ata, its impact appeared to have declined in the 1990s. However, in recent years, there has been a revitalisation of primary healthcare.

Who was involved in the Alma-Ata Declaration?

The Declaration of Alma-Ata, co-sponsored by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a brief document that expresses “the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all the people of the world.” It was the first …

What are the 5 principles of primary health care?

The principles of primary health care are accessibility, public participation, health promo- tion, appropriate technology and intersectoral cooperation. Accessibility means that the five types of health care are universally available to all clients regardless of geo- graphic location.

How many countries attended Alma Ata?

Convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Alma-Ata drew representatives from 134 countries, 67 international organizations and many nongovernmental organizations. China, unfortunately, was notably absent.

When was the primary health care adopted in the Philippines?

The Philippines adopted the Primary Health Care (PHC) Strategy following the 1979 Alma Ata Declaration. The country already had a long history of PHC and community health programs as part of rural development programs and reforms in restructuring the health care delivery system.

When was health for all declared?

In 1977 the World Health Assembly decided that the main social target of Background governments and of WHO should be the attainment by all the people of the world by the year 2000 of a level of health that will permit them to lead a socially and economically productive life, popularly known as “health for all by the …

WHO Health for All in the 21st century?

The global health for all policy The policy for “health for all in the 21st century”, adopted by the world community in May 1998, aims to realize the vision of health for all, which was a concept born at the World Health Assembly in 1977 and launched as a global movement at the Alma-Ata Conference in 1978.

When did the World health Organisation said the goal of healthcare for all?

Halfdan Mahler, Director General (1973-1983) of the WHO, defined Health For All in 1981, as follows: Health For All means that health is to be brought within reach of everyone in a given country.

Who was Alma Ata 1978?

The Alma-Ata Declaration of 1978 emerged as a major milestone of the twentieth century in the field of public health, and it identified primary health care as the key to the attainment of the goal of Health for All.

Is Alma Ata Declaration still relevant today?

Health is a fundamental human right – enshrined in the WHO constitution and the declaration of Alma Ata. However, after 40 years, inequality, poverty, exploitation, violence and injustice are still keeping one Billion people from accessing health care.

In what the Declaration of Alma Ata defines the crucial role of primary health care?

Primary health care is essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every

Why health for all was not achieved by the year 2000?

Health for all by the year 2000 didn’t mean that till the end of the stipulated time period there would be no sick person or disable. … In fact that policy meant that all people should have such health which enables them to work productively and to participate actively in social life.

What are the key strength of the Alma-Ata Declaration?

Specifically, Alma-Ata Declaration has outlined eight essential components of PHC , including: (1) Health education on prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them; (2) Nutritional promotion including food supply; (3) Supply of adequate safe water and sanitation; (4) Maternal and …

What are some challenges to achieving the Alma-Ata Declaration?

The municipal planning for the 4-year period from 2014 – 2017 (17) defined the following five major challenges for the SUS in Curitiba.

  • Lack of access to primary care. …
  • Long waiting time to secondary care. …
  • Overwhelmed emergency services. …
  • Underuse of information for health evaluation. …
  • Fiscal debt and administrative rigidness.

When was the concept of primary health care introduced?

​Primary health care was defined in the Declaration of Alma-Ata at the International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata, USSR, in 1978.


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