Why Were Levittowns Created?

Levittown in Long Island, New York, is widely recognized as the first modern American suburb. Levitt and Sons, a construction company, purchased a 7-square-mile plot of potato and onion farms in Long Island in 1947.

How old is Levittown?

In 1947, William Levitt of Levitt & Sons began building mass-produced, affordable housing for veterans returning from World War II. Island Trees, or Levittown as it later became known, is widely recognized as the first modern American suburb.

What was wrong with Levittown?

The Construction of Levittown

One problem was a severe housing shortage.

Why were suburbs formed in the 1950s?

Depression and war had created a postwar housing crisis. To help make decent, affordable housing available, the federal government passed laws that encouraged suburban housing development. Middle- and working-class families rushed to buy or rent homes in the new developments.

Can a city be a suburb?

Neighborhoods meet city boundaries

For example, a common way researchers define “suburb” is any city that’s in a metropolitan area, but isn’t the “central city” of that metro area. … “Whereas (in) other metropolitan areas there are lots of neighborhoods outside the city boundary that residents would consider urban.”

Why was there a lack of housing in the late 1940s?

The military draft and manpower demands of war industries siphoned men from the building trades. During the first two full years of World War II, 1942 and 1943, Hamilton issued 209 building permits for housing units, a 47% decline from 397 units in 1940 and 1941.

When did Subdivision originate?

In 1947, the first large suburban planned community was developed by William Levitt, who is known as the father of American suburbia. Levitt designed and completed the first American dream subdivision in New York.

What were suburbs called in the 1950s?

These houses were perfect for young families–they had informal “family rooms,” open floor plans and backyards–and so suburban developments earned nicknames like “Fertility Valley” and “The Rabbit Hutch.” However, they were often not so perfect for the women who lived in them.

What was life like in the suburbs in the 1950s?

Families had delayed having children because of poverty and wartime circumstances, so the US underwent a baby boom during the improved conditions of the 1950s. The suburbs became an increasingly popular location to live, and affordable housing caused a great increase in the population there.

Why was Levittown so attractive to American families?

Levittown became a symbol of the movement to the suburbs in the years after WWII. In contrast to that of the central cities life in suburbia became attractive to many American families because the suburbs seemed to be dominated by a larger, safer, and more private homes.

How much did a Levittown home cost?

Available only to World War II veterans and their families–and only white veterans at that–the first Levittown house cost $6,990 with nearly no money down. Levitt built 17,447 houses in the next four years. On average, Levitt’s builders finished 12 houses per day , and the tract house was here to stay.

Who created Levittown PA?

Levittown, Pennsylvania was the second “Levittown” built by William J. Levitt, who is often credited as the creator of the modern American suburb. To speed up construction, Levitt & Sons perfected a 26-step rationalized building method that was essentially an assembly line type of home building.

Is Gold Coast a suburb?

Gold Coast City includes the suburbs and localities of Advancetown, Alberton, Arundel, Ashmore, Austinville, Benowa, Biggera Waters, Bilinga, Bonogin, Broadbeach, Broadbeach Waters, Bundall, Burleigh Heads, Burleigh Waters, Carrara, Cedar Creek (part), Clagiraba, Clear Island Waters, Coolangatta, Coombabah, Coomera, …

Is Johannesburg a suburb?

The suburbs of Johannesburg are officially demarcated areas within the City of Johannesburg Metropolitan Municipality , South Africa. … Alexandra township, a low economic area, borders Sandton and the South boasts affluent areas such as the newly developed “Meyersdale Eco Estate” and “Eye Of Africa Golf Estate”.

What does Exurb mean in English?

: a region or settlement that lies outside a city and usually beyond its suburbs and that often is inhabited chiefly by well-to-do families.

How many houses were built in the 1950s?

By the end of the 1950s, no less than 15 million units were under construction nationwide. The Levitt brothers were not newcomers to real estate. They had been developing residential property since the late 1920s.

How did William Levitt change suburban housing?

William Levitt revolutionized the way Americans live and ushered in an age of suburbia by providing inexpensive housing outside the city. … Within one year, Levitt was building 36 houses per day. His assembly-line approach made the houses extremely affordable. At first, the homes were available only to veterans.

Why were suburbs developed after WWII?

The growth of suburbs resulted from several historical forces, including the social legacy of the Depression, mass demobilization after the War (and the consequent “baby boom”), greater government involvement in housing and development, the mass marketing of the automobile, and a dramatic change in demographics.

Is Levittown still there?

But Levittown still has its original nine community swimming pools with playing fields and playgrounds, as well as remnants of the seven intimate shopping strips known as village greens. It also still has active VFW (Veterans of Foreign Wars) and American Legion posts.

Is Levittown NY Safe?

Levittown has an overall crime rate of 10 per 1,000 residents, making the crime rate here near the average for all cities and towns of all sizes in America. According to our analysis of FBI crime data, your chance of becoming a victim of crime in Levittown is 1 in 100.