Do Bears Eat Toyon Berries?

Heteromeles arbutifolia (toyon) , or Christmasberry, is a southern California native of the chapparal community which is a photinia relative. It is on a California list under the name Photinia arbutifolia as a plant which is poisonous to humans, but is not listed as toxic to dogs.

Is toyon a fast grower?

Even in ideal toyon growing conditions, the shrub grows only moderately fast, but they are almost maintenance free. You won’t need to prune them, feed them or even irrigate them in the summer.

How did Native Americans use the toyon?

Native Americans traditionally used toyon for food. The berries on toyon do not provide much nutritional value, so it was typically made into a jelly1. When settlers discovered the toyon berries, they broke them down and added sugar to make custard and wine.

Can humans eat toyon?

Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia, is our California native holly. … The original Californians appreciated that timing, too, as the berries are edible if you prepare them right, and there’s not much in the way of ripe native fruit in midwinter here.

How do you identify a toyon?

You can distinguish Toyon from the non-native Cotoneaster by its finely serrated, oblong leaves. Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), for which Hollywood was named, as rumor has it, due to its abundance in the southern California hills, is a member of the rose family.

Can toyon be pruned?

Toyon can be pruned as a hedge or screen (6-10+ ft) and is often included in native mixed hedges or hedgerows (we have one in our hedgerow at Mother Nature’s Backyard). It can also be pruned up into a multi-trunk ‘tree’ (see above).

Is toyon a tree or shrub?

Toyon, Heteromeles arbutifolia. Toyon is a beautiful perennial shrub native throughout the western part of California and the Sierra foothills. It is a prominent component of the coastal sage scrub plant community, and is a part of drought-adapted chaparral and mixed oak woodland habitats.

Can I transplant toyon?

Toyon should be used as a replacement for the more typical, but non-native, pyracantha or cotoneaster. Seedlings may appear nearby, but are easily managed. Transplanting seedlings can be successful if you catch them when they are very young before the tap root gets going.

Is Lavender poisonous to dogs?

Lavender, the plant, does contain a small amount of a compound called linalool, which is toxic to both dogs and cats. The linalool is found in such small concentrations, however, that this is rarely an issue. Problems arise only if a dog ingests a very large quantity of lavender.

Do cats like feverfew?

Feverfew may help with arthritis when it’s in the inflammatory stage. Additionally, it can also be used with cats as an alternative to aspirin, which is often toxic to felines.

Where is toyon found?

Toyon is found throughout California below 4000 feet (1200 m), but only slightly beyond the state boundary. It is a frequent component of chaparral, often in canyons and north facing slopes. It is also found in coastal sage scrub.

Is Western redbud deer resistant?

Western Redbud attracts hummingbirds, goldfinches, butterflies, and bees (including leaf-cutter bees) to its flowers. It is deer resistant, and resistant to Oak Root Fungus. While generally pest-free, Western Redbud is susceptible to caterpillars and scales, and to crown and root rot.

Is toyon fire resistant?

IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : Toyon is quite resistant to fire mortality . Although aerial portions may be killed, most plants survive fire . In fact, toyon appears to suffer very little fire mortality even when subjected to short-interval fires.

What animals eat Chamise?

Diet: Chamise, young leaves, grasses and fruit. Predators: Mountain lions, bobcats and coyotes.

What is toyon honey?

California Toyon Honey

This honey, made from the nectar of Toyon (Heteromeles arbutifolia), found throughout California, is a smoky, nutty treat. The flavor is thought by some to resemble toasted hazelnuts.

How does toyon grow?

Toyon is one of the premier evergreen native plants of California. It grows into a large evergreen shrub to small tree with a mounding habit, easily reaching 12-18 ft. tall and more. Dense foliage is comprised of dark green leathery leaves with serrated margins.

How quickly does toyon grow?

Although these plants are adapted for growth in dappled sunlight, full sun in zones 9 and 10, will encourage better flowering. Toyon is a fast-growing plant in the right conditions and can reach 10 feet (3 m) after just 3 years.

How fast does a toyon grow?

Toyon is native to the California coast down to Baja and into the Sierra Nevada foothills. Toyon is native to the California coast down to Baja and into the Sierra Nevada foothills. If properly situated, they can grow very quickly, up to 10 feet in three years.

How do you propagate a toyon?

If you have the patience to wait three years for a berry crop, propagate your own toyon from seed.

  1. Prepare a site for sowing your toyon seeds. …
  2. Harvest ripe, red toyon berries in November. …
  3. Drop the fresh berries in the glass jar, add enough warm water to cover them and work them through your fingers to crush the pulp.

How do you make toyon berries?


  1. Rinse berries and remove stems.
  2. Place in a pot and cover with water.
  3. Simmer for 15 minutes.
  4. Add desired sweetener, lemon juice and spices to taste.
  5. Cook for another 5 minutes.
  6. Blend through food processor or blender until smooth.
  7. Pour a thin layer about 1/8 ” thick onto a baking sheet.

What can I do with toyon berries?

Toyon berries

This fruit could be dried and made into a jelly. The pulp could also be dried and then later cooked into a porridge or combined with seed flour to make pancakes. When eaten raw, the toyon berries have a pungent and bitter taste.

Is toyon plant endangered?

Toyon is celebrated for its dense clusters of bright red berries that ripen just in time for the Christmas season. … In the years preceding the roaring twenties the survival of Toyon in Southern California was severely endangered by the over-harvesting of the berry laden branches for Christmas decor in peoples homes.