How Does Frontotemporal Dementia Affect Wellbeing?

What is frontotemporal dementia? Frontotemporal dementia (FTD), a common cause of dementia, is a group of disorders that occur when nerve cells in the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain are lost. This causes the lobes to shrink. FTD can affect behavior, personality, language, and movement.

How does frontotemporal affect a person?

Signs and symptoms vary, depending on which part of the brain is affected. Some people with frontotemporal dementia have dramatic changes in their personality and become socially inappropriate, impulsive or emotionally indifferent, while others lose the ability to use language properly.

What is the life expectancy with frontotemporal dementia?

The rate at which FTD progresses varies greatly, with life expectancy ranging from less than two years to 10 years or more. Research shows that on average, people live for about six to eight years after the start of symptoms but this varies widely.

What happens in the last stages of frontotemporal dementia?

In later stages, patients develop movement disorders such as unsteadiness, rigidity, slowness, twitches, muscle weakness or difficulty swallowing. Some patients develop Lou Gherig’s disease or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). People in the final stages of FTD cannot care for themselves.

What are the 7 stages of frontotemporal dementia?

No or Little Dementia

  • Stage 1: Normal outward behavior. …
  • Stage 2: Very mild changes. …
  • Stage 3. …
  • Stage 4: Moderate Changes/Mild Dementia. …
  • Stage 5: Moderately Severe Mental Decline/Moderate Dementia. …
  • Stage 6: Severe Mental Decline/Moderately Severe Dementia. …
  • Stage 7: Very Severe Mental Decline/Severe Dementia (Final stage)

What does your frontal lobe affect?

The frontal lobes are involved in motor function, problem solving, spontaneity, memory, language, initiation, judgement, impulse control, and social and sexual behavior.

Does frontal lobe damage get worse?

The short answer is yes. Some brain injuries do get worse over time. Secondary brain injuries are complications that arise after the initial injury, such as hematomas or infections. Sometimes these injuries cut off blood circulation to certain portions of the brain, killing neurons.

What is the frontal lobe responsible for?

Each side of your brain contains four lobes. The frontal lobe is important for cognitive functions and control of voluntary movement or activity. The parietal lobe processes information about temperature, taste, touch and movement, while the occipital lobe is primarily responsible for vision.

How does frontotemporal dementia affect communication?

People with frontotemporal dementia in particular are unable to do this. They fail to inhibit their innermost thoughts and do not modify their comments according to the situation. Similarly, they might fail to observe social norms and rules of conversation.

What functions of the brain are affected by dementia?

Functions that are particularly affected in dementia include executive function (the ability to plan, organise and complete tasks), vision, language, emotion and behaviour, and memory.

How does frontotemporal dementia differ from Alzheimer’s disease?

Frontotemporal dementia affects the frontal and temporal lobes, which are behind the forehead and between the ears and responsible for judgment calls in social situations. Alzheimer’s, on the other hand, affects the hippocampus and the back of the brain, deep inside memory circuits.

Does frontotemporal dementia affect posture?

Types of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) include Pick’s disease, primary progressive aphasia, and semantic dementia. As well as affecting behavior and language use, they can impact a person’s posture and gait and increase the risk of falling.

Does frontotemporal dementia affect memory?

Memory loss tends to be a more prominent symptom in early Alzheimer’s than in early FTD, although advanced FTD often causes memory loss in addition to its more characteristic effects on behavior and language. Behavior changes are often the first noticeable symptoms in bvFTD, the most common form of FTD.

Can you fully recover from frontal lobe damage?

Treating frontal lobe injuries aren’t easy, because everyone responds differently. The key is for both the patient and their family to have patience. Full recovery can take weeks, months, years or may never occur, so you need to be patient and take pride in the progress being made. It also may not be easy.

How quickly does frontal lobe dementia progress?

The length of FTD varies, with some patients declining rapidly over two to three years, and others showing only minimal changes over a decade.

How can I strengthen my frontal lobe?

Here are 7 Prefrontal Cortex exercises you can do daily to keep your brain young and active:


Can you live without frontal lobe?

Activity in this lobe allows us to solve problems, reason, make judgments, make plans and choices, take action, and generally control your living environment. Without the frontal lobe, you could be considered a genius, however; you would be unable to use any of that intelligence.

What lobes of the brain are affected by frontotemporal dementia?

Frontotemporal dementia is an uncommon type of dementia that causes problems with behaviour and language. Dementia is the name for problems with mental abilities caused by gradual changes and damage in the brain. Frontotemporal dementia affects the front and sides of the brain (the frontal and temporal lobes).

How does the frontal lobe control decision making?

The frontal lobes subserve decision-making and executive control—that is, the selection and coordination of goal-directed behaviors. … Otherwise, a new behavioral strategy is tentatively formed, partly from those stored in long-term memory, then probed, and if competitive confirmed to subsequently drive action.

Does someone with dementia know they have it?

Alzheimer’s disease progressively destroys brain cells over time, so during the early stages of dementia, many do recognize something is wrong, but not everyone is aware. They may know they are supposed to recognize you, but they can’t.

Does FTD affect mobility?

Later stages of the disease – Parkinsonism

People with parkinsonism develop problems in the control of movement. Their movements become slower, their limbs stiffen (this can also affect the neck and trunk) and they sometimes develop a tremor (shaking) of the limbs (although this is less common in FTD).

How do you know what stage of dementia you are in?

  1. Stage 1: Normal functioning with no noticeable decline.
  2. Stage 2: The person may feel like they are experiencing some decline.
  3. Stage 3: Early disease which may show effects in demanding situations.
  4. Stage 4: Mild disease, in which the person requires some assistance with complicated tasks.

What stage of dementia is hypersexuality?

Hypersexuality and inappropriate sexual behaviour (ISB) may be the first symptoms of early onset frontal dementia. Frontal cortical brain atrophy on MRI is important for diagnosis.