Colon cancer most often spreads to the liver, but it can also spread to other places like the lungs, brain, peritoneum (the lining of the abdominal cavity), or to distant lymph nodes. In most cases surgery is unlikely to cure these cancers.
Is colon cancer likely to metastasize?
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer May Spread Early in the Disease, Study Finds. Colorectal cancer cells can break away from the original tumor and travel through the blood or lymph system to other parts of the body, including the liver, lungs, and brain.
How often does colon cancer metastasis?
Approximately 21 percent of people newly diagnosed with colorectal cancer have distant metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis.
How long does it take for colon cancer to go from Stage 1 to Stage 4?
Colon cancer, or cancer that begins in the lower part of the digestive tract, usually forms from a collection of benign (noncancerous) cells called an adenomatous polyp. Most of these polyps will not become malignant (cancerous), but some can slowly turn into cancer over the course of about 10-15 years.
How do I know if my colon cancer has spread?
Symptoms of colon cancer that has spread to specific areas
Symptoms may include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, chest pain or a persistent cough. Brain – Colon cancer that has spread to the brain may result in headaches, confusion, memory loss or blurred vision.
How fast does colon cancer spread to the liver?
Liver Metastasis Can Happen Fast
About 20% to 25% of people are first diagnosed with colon cancer after the cancer has already spread to the liver, according to a study in Euroasian Journal of Hepato-Gastroenterology, and 40% to 50% see spread to the liver within three years of the original colon cancer diagnosis.
What is the most aggressive type of colon cancer?
Mucinous adenocarcinoma is made up of about 60 percent mucus. The mucus may cause cancer cells to spread more quickly and become more aggressive than typical adenocarcinomas. Mucinous adenocarcinomas account for 10 percent to 15 percent of all rectal and colon adenocarcinomas.
Can I survive stage 4 colon cancer?
Stage IV colon cancer has a relative 5-year survival rate of about 14%. This means that about 14% of people with stage IV colon cancer are likely to still be alive 5 years after they are diagnosed. But you’re not a number. No one, including your doctor, can tell you exactly how long you’ll live.
What are the signs of end stage colon cancer?
- Blood (usually dark red or black) in the stool.
- Constipation and diarrhea. …
- Long, thin, pencil-like stools. …
- Fatigue and weakness. …
- Abdominal pain or bloating. …
- Unexplained weight loss. …
- Nausea and vomiting, which may happen if the tumor causes an obstruction.
What was your first colon cancer symptom?
A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool. Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain. A feeling that your bowel doesn’t empty completely.
How do you know if colon cancer has spread to the brain?
When colon cancer metastasizes to the brain, the resulting tumors can exert pressure on the brain tissue, causing symptoms such as:
- Weakness or numbness on one side of the body.
- Memory loss.
- Personality changes.
Can you live a long life after colon cancer?
Many colon cancer statistics involve a five-year survival rate. For example, if the five-year survival rate for localized colon cancer is 90 percent, that means that 90 percent of the people diagnosed with localized colon cancer are still alive five years after their initial diagnosis.
Can you have colon cancer for years and not know it?
Colorectal cancer doesn’t just appear suddenly. It starts as a small growth on your colon, called a polyp, which rarely causes symptoms. If left alone over many years, polyps can grow into cancer. The only way to know it’s there is to look.
What is the life expectancy for stage 3 colon cancer?
Almost 70 out of 100 people (almost 70%) with stage 3 bowel cancer (also called Dukes’ C) will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after they’re diagnosed.
What part of colon are most cancers found?
The sigmoid colon is the most common site for cancer of the colon. Rectal carcinoma is the most common cancer of the lower gastrointestinal tract.
What makes colon cancer aggressive?
High-grade large cell and small cell neuroendocrine tumors are aggressive. These tumors tend to grow rapidly and invade other tissues. Carcinoid tumors of the colon are considered indolent. They tend to be slower growing and less invasive than large cell and small cell neuroendocrine tumors.
What is the difference in colon cancer and colorectal cancer?
To some, the term “colon cancer” can be used to include both colon and rectal cancers. To others, “colorectal cancer” may be applied to describe a malignancy of the colon, even if the rectum itself is not involved.
How do you know if colon cancer has spread to liver?
All of these symptoms may be caused by the spread of the colon cancer cells into the liver, thereby disrupting liver functions and/or killing liver cells.
Colon cancer stages and symptoms
- Pain in the right side of the abdomen or stomach.
- Abdominal swelling.
- Blood in stool.
Can you survive colon cancer that has spread to the liver?
Richard Burkhart, a Johns Hopkins cancer surgeon and researcher, advancements in the treatment of liver tumors caused by colon cancer have improved survival rates drastically. In fact, 40-60 percent of patients treated for isolated colon cancer liver metastasis are still alive five years after treatment.
What are the symptoms of colon cancer that has spread to the liver?
You might have any of these symptoms if the cancer has spread to your liver:
- discomfort or pain on the right side of your abdomen.
- feeling sick.
- poor appetite and weight loss.
- swollen abdomen (called ascites)
- yellowing of the skin (jaundice)
- itchy skin.
What happens to your body when you have colon cancer?
Colon cancer can cause both constipation and diarrhea. A person may feel cramp-like pain in the stomach. The stool may be streaked or mixed with blood. In rectal cancer, the most common symptom is usually bleeding when going to the bathroom.
Where does right sided colon cancer spread to?
The most common sites of distant metastasis are the liver, lungs, and brain. Rectal cancer can spread to adjacent organs in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries or the prostate.
Can you see colon cancer on a CT scan?
A CT scan uses x-rays to make detailed cross-sectional images of your body. This test can help tell if colorectal cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes or to your liver, lungs, or other organs.