Most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now. In most cases, the cause is unknown. Sometimes a viral infection in the mother causes the condition. The condition can be genetic (hereditary).
How common is a hole in the heart?
In fact, the American Heart Association estimates that about a quarter of the American population has some type of hole in the heart. That’s around 82 million people! If someone has a hole in their heart, it falls into one of two most common categories: patent foramen ovale (PFO) or an atrial septal defect (ASD).
Do congenital heart defects run in families?
Several genetic health conditions that a baby inherits from 1 or both parents can cause congenital heart disease. It’s also recognised that certain types of congenital heart disease run in families. Down’s syndrome is the most widely-known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease.
What can cause a hole in your heart?
- Arrhythmias, which disrupts the normal electrical activity of the heart.
- Extra load on the heart causes failure.
- Pulmonary hypertension, which scars the lung’s arteries because of high blood pressure and volume.
Can you live a long life with a hole in your heart?
It is very possible to live with a hole in your heart, without ever realising that it’s there. A patent foramen ovale, also known as a PFO, is a hole between the left and right atria (upper chambers) of the heart that we all have when we are in the womb, but this should close shortly after we’re born.
Can you develop a hole in your heart in adulthood?
The most common types of congenital heart disease diagnosed for the first time in adults include holes in the walls separating the right and left sides of the heart, heart valves which are abnormal and not working properly, and narrowing of blood vessels which may interfere with the normal flow of blood.
Is heart disease inherited from mother or father?
One copy is inherited from your mother and one copy is inherited from your father. Genetic conditions are caused by a change (or mutation) in one or more genes passed from generation to generation. Most genetic heart conditions are inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern.
Can hole in heart be detected before birth?
During pregnancy, there are screening tests (prenatal tests) to check for birth defects and other conditions. An atrial septal defect might be seen during an ultrasound (which creates pictures of the body), but it depends on the size of the hole and its location.
Do babies survive open heart surgery?
Reported overall hospital survival rates of low-weight infants undergoing heart surgery range from 73% to 90% . Because of their poor clinical status, low-birth-weight infants may require early surgical treatment of congenital heart disease, regardless of weight or prematurity.
What to avoid if you have a hole in your heart?
Talk to your healthcare provider before you use these products. Do not drink alcohol. Alcohol can increase your risk for high blood pressure, diabetes, and coronary artery disease. Eat heart-healthy foods and limit sodium (salt).
Can a hole in the heart cause death?
A hole in the heart
A rupture in the septum, the tissue between the heart’s pumping chambers, will almost always leak blood, further weakening the heart. Within several weeks, the affected heart muscle turns to scar tissue, which can cause heart failure or lead to death.
Are atrial septal defects hereditary?
Most cases of ASD are not inherited and occur by chance. Some cases appear to have autosomal dominant inheritance. Treatment may not be needed for small ASDs, which often close on their own. Larger ASDs are typically closed during childhood with open heart surgery or by cardiac catheterization.
What is the life expectancy of a person with congenital heart disease?
About 75% of babies born with a critical CHD are expected to survive to one year of age. About 69% of babies born with critical CHDs are expected to survive to 18 years of age.
Can you exercise with a hole in your heart?
Research Highlights: Adults born with a hole in their heart may lose 20% or more of their exercise capacity regardless of surgical repair. Young adults with the defect are known to have poorer exercise ability than their healthy counterparts, however, it is unclear if exercise capacity would deteriorate with age.
What is the most serious congenital heart defect?
Critical congenital heart defects (also called critical CHDs or critical congenital heart disease) are the most serious congenital heart defects. Babies with critical CHDs need surgery or other treatment within the first year of life. Without treatment, critical CHDs can cause serious health problems and death.
What causes a child to be born with a hole in the heart?
A congenital heart defect (CHD) is a heart problem that a baby has at birth. It is caused by abnormal formation of the heart during growth in the womb. In most cases, when a baby is born with a congenital heart defect, there is no known reason for it.
Can congenital heart disease go undetected?
Undetected congenital heart defects (CHD) are rare, but some babies can grow into adolescence or early adulthood before noticing any symptoms. Congenital heart defects affect nearly 1 out of every 100 babies born in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Do holes in the heart heal themselves?
Holes (also known as persistent connections) in the heart or large heart vessels sometimes close on their own, over time, in babies. However, if a hole does not close, the baby may need to undergo treatment to close it.
Will I get heart disease if my dad has it?
If your mom or dad had a heart attack, you might wonder if that’s going to happen to you, too. But your family’s history doesn’t have to become your future. You can do a lot to protect your ticker. It’s true that you’re more likely to get heart disease if it runs in your family.
Do heart valve problems run in families?
Having a bicuspid valve can run in families. A bicuspid valve may not cause any problems until adulthood, when the valve begins to narrow or leak. In most cases, the exact underlying cause of congenital aortic valve stenosis is unknown.
Does heart disease skip a generation?
Certain heart diseases can be passed down genetically. If you know about your risk ahead of time, you may be able to get ahead of the problem, before it causes symptoms or becomes dangerous. Here are 3 common heart diseases that can be inherited from one generation to the next.
Can an EKG detect a hole in the heart?
If a VSD is suspected, the cardiologist may order one or more of these tests: a chest X-ray: a picture of the heart and surrounding organs. an electrocardiogram (EKG): a record of the heart’s electrical activity. This is often the primary tool used to diagnose a VSD.
Can you live a normal life with congenital heart disease?
As medical care and treatment have improved, babies and children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) are living longer and healthier lives. Most are now living into adulthood. Ongoing, appropriate medical care can help children and adults with a CHD live as healthy as possible.
Does a hole in the heart require surgery?
Many atrial septal defects close on their own during childhood. For those that don’t close, some small atrial septal defects might not require treatment. But many persistent atrial septal defects eventually require surgery.