1,2-diaminopropane (pn) is an unsymmetrical bidentate ligand possessing chiral carbon. The complex + can form two cis- and two trans-isomers.
How many configurational stereoisomers exist for this structure?
There are three configurational stereoisomers. These include the RS, SS, and RR isomers. Since one of them, the RS isomer, has a plane of symmetry, it is achiral, and the other two are chiral.
What are configurational stereoisomers?
Stereoisomers: Two molecules with the same constitution but different stereochemistry. … Configurational Isomers: Two molecules with the same constitution but different configuration (i.e. – same IUPAC name for constitution, different IUPAC prefix for configuration).
How do I configure D and L configuration?
In carbohydrates, in general, the OH group attached to the penultimate carbon atom from the bottom in the chain, when drawn as described above, determines the assignment of D or L. Thus (+)-glucose has the D-configuration and (+)-ribose has the L-configuration.
What is fac and mer isomers?
Fac/Mer isomers arise when there are two equal types of ligand in an octahedral metal complex. • Fac – When one type of ligand occupies. one face of the octahedron. • Mer – Each set of identical ligands. occupy a plane of the octahedron (2 of the same ligands are trans to each other, the other ligand is cis to these.)
What are Homomers?
Homomers are the identical representations of the same compound. It means that when the same compound is represented in different ways, then all the representations are known as homomers of each other. These representations are superimposable on each other.
How many optical isomers are possible in a compound with one chiral carbon?
Answer: d Explanation: A compound with one chiral carbon has three optical isomers (+), (-) and (±).
Is pentane a structural isomer?
Pentane has three structural isomers that are n-pentane, Iso-pentane (methyl butane) and neopentane (dimethylpropane). Therefore three structural isomers can be drawn from pentane.
What are the isomers of hexane?
– The five isomers possible for hexane are n- hexane, 2- methyl pentane, 3- methyl pentane, 2, 3-dimethylbutane and 2, 2- dimethylbutane.
How do you find isomers of alkenes?
Consider the longest chain containing the double bond: If two groups (attached to the carbons of the double bond) are on the same side of the double bond, the isomer is a cis alkene. If the two groups lie on opposite sides of the double bond, the isomer is a trans alkene.
What is the correct number of optical isomers for the formula ch2oh?
Total number of Optical isomer is 8.
How many optical isomers are possible?
There are only ever two optical isomers formed for each chiral centre. If there are two chiral centres, then there will be two pairs of optical isomers. The isomers only differ in two characteristics; their interaction with plane polarised light and how they react with other chiral molecules.
What is optical isomerism Class 12?
Optical isomers are two compounds which contain the same number and kinds of atoms, and bonds but differ in the arrangement of the atoms. Each non-superimposable mirror image structure is called an enantiomer. Molecules or ions that are present in optical isomers are called chiral.
What is threo and erythro?
Erythro and threo are two configurations in which molecules are written when the molecules have a chiral carbon atom. Erythro is the configuration when the same groups are on the same side of the carbon atom and Threo is the configuration when the same groups are on the opposite side of the carbon atom.
What will be the number of configurational isomers of the compound?
Total number of configurational isomers = geometrical isomers + optical isomers. = 8. So, totally 8 configurational isomers are going to form by the given compound.
What are Homomers in stereochemistry?
In stereochemistry, stereoisomerism, or spatial isomerism, is a form of isomerism in which molecules have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but differ in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
What is facial and meridional?
Facial and meridional isomers are geometrical isomers. These isomers are present in an octahedral ligand having two different types of monodentate ligands. Three ligands of one type and three ligands of other types are present. … In the facial isomer, three chlorine ligands are on one face of regualr octahedron.
How do you distinguish between FAC and mer isomers?
When three identical ligands occupy one face, the isomer is said to be facial, or fac. If the three ligands and the metal ion are in one plane, the isomer is said to be meridional, or mer.
How do you calculate D or L configuration?
- if the OH on the bottom chiral centre points to the right, it is referred to as D-
- if the OH on the bottom chiral centre points to the left, it is referred to as L- .
What is Dextro and Levo?
The prefix dextro comes from the Latin word dexter. It means on the right side or to the right. The prefix levo comes from the Latin word laevo. It means on the left side or to the left.
How do you know if its D or L configuration?
If the main substituent is the left of the main chain, the L configuration is assigned; if this substituent is on the right, the D configuration is assigned. … All of the amino acids that occur in natural proteins have been shown to have the L configuration.
How do you find the number of optically active isomers?
– The number of optical isomers of a compound is determined by calculating the number of chiral centres in it. – The maximum number of optical isomers is given by the formula 2n−1, where n is the number of chiral centres. So, the correct answer is option B.