What Are Brown Macules?

Macules: Macules are flat skin lesions. They are small (less than one centimeter in diameter) and may be brownish or reddish. Freckles and flat moles are examples of macules. A macular rash is commonly seen in measles.

What is the definition of Macule?

Macules are circumscribed alterations in skin color. The skin surface is neither. elevated or depressed in relation to the surrounding skin. Macules may be of. any size or color.

Are macules harmful?

Macules: Macules are smaller skin lesions, mostly in brown, white and red. Common examples of macules are moles and freckles. These skin lesions are not dangerous by themselves but can pose a threat when evolving over time.

Do macules go away?

Your macules may not go away, but treating the condition that’s causing them may help prevent further growth of the macules you have. It may also prevent the formation of new macules.

Are macules common?

Hypopigmented macules are one of the most common skin lesions encountered in clinical practice. As the name suggests, these lesions are associated with decreased pigmentation compared to surrounding normal skin.

What is the medical term for macule?

The word macule comes from the Latin macula meaning a small spot or blemish. Note — The macula lutea (yellow spot), or simply as the macula, is a spot in the retina (where vision is keenest).

What are Macules on the skin?

Macules are flat, nonpalpable lesions usually < 10 mm in diameter. Macules represent a change in color and are not raised or depressed compared to the skin surface. A patch is a large macule. Examples include freckles, flat moles, tattoos, and port-wine stains.

What is the difference between a macule and a patch?

MACULE – A circumscribed, flat area of discoloration that is less than 10 mm* in diameter. PATCH – A circumscribed, flat area of discoloration that is greater than 10 mm* in diameter.

Is Melanotic macule cancerous?

Oral melanotic macule is a non-cancerous (benign), dark spot found on the lips or inside the mouth. An oral melanotic macule found on the lip is sometimes called a labial melanotic macule.

Are freckles macules?

Background and objectives: Freckles (ephelides) are small, light brown macules of sun-exposed areas in fair-skinned subjects. On the other hand, freckle-like pigmentation of the axilla is a highly characteristic feature of neurofibromatosis.

Is a nevus a macule?

Blue nevi are benign moles that appear as bluish gray macules or thin papules. The depth and density of pigment in the skin account for the apparent blue color. Moles are flesh- to brown-colored macules, papules, or nodules composed of nests of melanocytes or nevus cells.

What is basal Hypermelanosis?

Histologically, the hallmark of the lentigo (plural lentigines) is an increase in basal melanin. In most forms of lentigo, there is a mildly increased number of melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis and variable elongation of the rete ridges.

What medical conditions cause hyperpigmentation?

Common causes of widespread hyperpigmentation include melasma, drugs, cancers, and other systemic disorders. Test patients who have widespread hyperpigmentation not caused by drugs for disorders such as primary biliary cholangitis, hemochromatosis, and Addison disease.

What is larger than a macule?

A macule is a flat lesion smaller than 1 cm and a patch is a flat lesion larger than 1 cm. Elevated lesions are either solid or fluid-filled. Solid lesions can be described as either a papule, plaque, nodule, or wheal.

What do lesions look like?

Skin lesions are areas of skin that look different from the surrounding area. They are often bumps or patches, and many issues can cause them. The American Society for Dermatologic Surgery describe a skin lesion as an abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore, or colored area of the skin.

What is a red Macule?

Overview. A maculopapular rash is made of both flat and raised skin lesions. The name is a blend of the words “macule,” which are flat discolored skin lesions, and “papule,” which are small raised bumps. These skin lesions are usually red and can merge together.

What do sarcoid lesions look like?

Smooth bumps or growths

Mostly painless, these bumps and growths tend to develop on the face or neck, and often appear around the eyes. You may see lesions that are skin-colored, red, reddish-brown, violet, or another color. When touched, most bumps and growths tend to feel hard.

Where is the Macule?

The macula is located near the center of the retina; its function is to process harp, clear, straight-ahead vision. The retina is the paper-thin tissue that lines the back of the eye and contains the photoreceptor (light sensing) cells (rods and cones) that send visual signals to the brain.

What is a wheal skin eruption?

Wheal: A raised, itchy (pruritic) area of skin that is sometimes an overt sign of allergy. Not all wheals are alike. They may be redder or paler than the skin around them. They may vary in configuration and may be rounded or flat-topped. Wheals typically have a reddish hue.

How do I get rid of Melanotic Macule?

What is the treatment of labial melanotic macule? Typical lesions can just be observed. Suspicious lesions, including lesions showing progressive change, should be biopsied. If treatment is requested the macules can be frozen (cryotherapy) or removed using a laser or intense pulsed light.

How do you treat lentigo?

Treating lentigo

  1. medicines such as bleaching creams containing hydroquinone or retinoids (tretinoin)
  2. chemical peels.
  3. laser or intense pulse light therapy to destroy melanocytes.
  4. freezing (cryotherapy) to destroy melanocytes.

How is Hypopigmented Macules treated?

Hypopigmentation refers to patches of skin that are lighter than your overall skin tone. Your skin’s pigmentation, or color, is based on the production of a substance called melanin.

Treatment options may include:

  1. dermabrasion.
  2. chemical peels.
  3. laser resurfacing or therapy.
  4. lightening gels, such as hydroquinone (Blanche)

Do freckles go away?

Freckles May Fade

Some people have freckles that fade away almost completely in the winter and return in the summer. Other people’s freckles don’t change much with or without the sun and can be seen year-round. Freckles also tend to fade as people get older.

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