What Are The Dangers Of Bromine?


Bromide was once used as an anticonvulsant and sedative at doses as high as 6 g/day. Clinical symptoms of bromide intoxication have been reported from its medicinal uses. Large doses of bromide cause nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, coma and paralysis.

What is bromine and why is it dangerous?

Why is bromine dangerous? In a liquid state, brome is corrosive to human tissue and its vapors are toxic when inhaled. Organic bromines can cause damage to major organs in the body including the liver, kidneys, and lungs when ingested. Bromine can also affect the nervous system and thyroid gland.

Is bromine safe to inhale?

The majority of exposures to bromine occur by inhalation and typically lead to symptoms of ocular, nasal, and respiratory irritation. Signs and symptoms of poisoning include eye redness and lacrimation, nose and throat irritation, cough, and dyspnea.

How much bromine is lethal?

It has been reported that 1.7 to 3.5 ppm produces severe choking, 4.5 to 9 ppm is extremely dangerous, and 30 ppm would prove fatal in a short time .

Is bromine a carcinogenic?

Bromine is not listed as a carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) . Bromine is a gas and, therefore, inhalation exposure is the most relevant route of exposure to humans .

Which is safer chlorine or bromine?

Bromine is more stable than chlorine except when it comes to UV light. The radiation from the sun destroys both chemicals without mercy, but bromine breaks down more quickly here. This is why if you’re using bromine in your spa or hot tub, it’s a really good idea to keep your cover on it during the day.

Why can bromine be used in swimming pools even though it is toxic?

Bromine is used as a disinfectant, because it is harmful for microorganisms. … When bromine is used to disinfect water, bromamines and hypobromous acid react with organic matter in the water to form brominated disinfection byproducts. These can be harmful to human health.

Which is better bromine or chlorine?

Bromine works better at higher temperatures than chlorine. Above 75°F, bromine remains stable, whereas chlorine is more effective in temperatures as low as 65°F. This makes bromine a better choice for hot tubs and spas, and an unheated pool will be better served by the use of chlorine.

How long does bromine stay in your system?

Bromide has an elimination half-life of 9 to 12 days, which can lead to excessive accumulation. Doses of 0.5 to 1 gram per day of bromide can lead to bromism.

Does bromine affect thyroid?

What makes bromine so dangerous is that once inside the body it also competes for the same iodine receptors. Since the thyroid gland needs iodine to make thyroid hormone, bromine can compete with the iodine and the body is no longer able to make thyroid hormone.

What foods are high in bromine?

Brominated vegetable oil (BVO) is found in many consumer citrus flavored soft drink products such as Mountain Dew, some Gatorade and some Powerade, Orange Fanta, Orange Crush, Sun Drop, Squirt and Fresca. BVO can be found in some bakery products and brands of pasta as well.

Is bromine in hot tubs safe?

The bromine floater that gets loaded up with tablets and left to sit in your tub is not doing you any favors. Once it kills bacteria in the water, it can then proceed to eat your hot tub shell, cause a lot of pH balancing problems, skin and eye irritation, and more. … Over exposure to bromine can cause hypothyroidism.

Is bromine a hazardous material?

Hazard statement(s) H303 May be harmful if swallowed. H314 Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. H330 Fatal if inhaled. H400 Very toxic to aquatic life.

What does bromine taste like?

There are additional advantages: bromine does not affect the thyroid gland like iodine and is better tolerated in terms of taste and odor than chlorine, often being described as sweet, instead of sharp or biting, like chlorine.

Why did Canada ban bromine?

In its most recent reevaluation (all pesticides in Canada are regularly reevaluated for safety), the government deemed the risk to human health from the misuse of sodium bromide by consumers too dangerous to continue to have it available to individual Canadians.

Is it safe to swim in a pool with high bromine?

Due to the body oils and other contaminants constantly put into a swimming pool, the water requires regular sanitation from specialized chemicals. Bromine acts as a sanitizer in pool water, killing bacteria, body oils and other forms of contaminants. A bromine level that is too high, though, is not desirable.

Can I mix bromine and chlorine?

Whether you choose chlorine or bromine, DO NOT: mix them together in the water. This can also cause a dangerous chemical reaction. If you’re going to switch from one to the other, you’ll need to drain and clean your hot tub, and do a line flush.

Is bromine a sanitizer?

A Quick Review of Bromine

Consider these facts about bromine: It’s an effective sanitizer (i.e., destroys microorganisms, such as bacteria and algae, to an acceptable level that will not cause harm to bathers), but…

What does bromine do to a pool?

Both bromine and chlorine are chemical compounds that serve a similar purpose: they decontaminate pool and spa water by killing off bacteria. However, these chemicals differ in the way they clean, react to temperature and interact with skin.

How long does bromine last in hot tub?

How Much Bromine to Put in A Hot Tub. You should ensure that your hot tub bromine level is always between 3-5ppm (parts per million. The addition of bromine will depend upon usage and bathing habits. It could be daily or every 2-3 days (for 3ppm add 12g per 1500 litres).

Do they put bromine in prisoners tea?

Some bromide salts, notably potassium bromide, were found to be natural sedatives, and were prescribed in the 19th Century as a remedy for epilepsy. … This side-effect also lies behind the urban myth that bromide was added to the tea of prisoners and World War I soldiers in order to reduce sexual urges.

Does bromine turn your hair green?

The root cause of green hair is copper (above 0.2 pm) in solution becoming oxidized by the sun’s UV rays and or the sanitizer (chlorine or bromine), then absorbed by the hair strands, most notably blond hair as its light color shows the green and blue hues better than darker hair.

Is bromine banned in Canada?

Canada has made the decision to ban sodium bromide use in Canada, and all related Bromine products for pools and spas will be pulled from shelves as of Nov. 2020.