Narcolepsy is uncommon, with a low prevalence rate which makes it difficult to diagnose definitively without a complex series of tests and a detailed history.
What can narcolepsy be mistaken for?
Narcolepsy is often misdiagnosed as other conditions that can have similar symptoms, including:
- Other psychologic/psychiatric disorders.
- Obstructive sleep apnea.
What are the five signs of narcolepsy?
- Excessive daytime sleepiness. People with narcolepsy fall asleep without warning, anywhere, anytime. …
- Sudden loss of muscle tone. …
- Sleep paralysis. …
- Changes in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. …
What happens if narcolepsy goes untreated?
When left untreated, narcolepsy can be socially disabling and isolating. It often leads to the onset of depression. Type 2 diabetes mellitus may occur more often in people with narcolepsy. Making lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms.
Can narcolepsy be caused by stress?
It is often triggered by sudden, strong emotions such as laughter, fear, anger, stress, or excitement.
Are narcoleptics always tired?
People with narcolepsy typically suffer from EDS, but individuals experiencing extreme fatigue do not necessarily have narcolepsy. Extreme sleepiness is narcolepsy’s predominant symptom. In addition to EDS, some people with narcolepsy suffer cataplexy, which affects about one out of five patients.
Are ADHD and narcolepsy related?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. However, despite their differences, both narcolepsy and ADHD share the symptoms of sleep disturbance and excessive daytime sleepiness. Recent studies have suggested a link between the two disorders.
What is a common misdiagnosis of narcolepsy?
In a physician survey and retrospective chart review study of 252 patients with narcolepsy, 60% of patients had initially received a misdiagnosis of another disorder. The most common misdiagnoses included depression (~31%), insomnia (~18%), and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (~13%).
Does narcolepsy cause weight gain?
Many people with narcolepsy have a tendency toward being overweight. Adults with narcolepsy weigh about 15–20% more than would be expected on average in the general population. In the months after narcolepsy begins, sudden weight gain can be dramatic, with some children gaining 10–40 pounds over several months.
Does caffeine help narcolepsy?
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that a small dose of caffeine has positive effects on alertness in patients with narcolepsy. However, larger trials are required to confirm these findings.
What vitamins can help with narcolepsy?
Natural cures for narcolepsy include:
- Guarana, which is a natural stimulant.
- Cayenne pepper.
- Ginkgo biloba, which increases blood flow to the brain.
- Ephedra, which increases energy levels.
- Gotu kola, which reduces fatigue.
- Rosemary tea.
- B complex vitamins, which are important in the sleep-wake cycle.
Can you legally drive if you have narcolepsy?
Narcolepsy – People with narcolepsy are not able to drive until they are stable on treatment and also need to have cataplexy controlled. The criteria for commercial drivers are more stringent, and generally people with any cataplexy are not fit hold a commercial or heavy vehicle licence.
Is narcolepsy considered a rare disease?
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the natural cycles of sleeping and waking. It is characterized by excessive sleepiness during the day. This rare disease affects 2–5 out of every 10,000 people (1).
Is ADHD a disability?
This means that in a classroom of 24 to 30 children, it is likely that at least one will have ADHD. ADHD is not considered to be a learning disability. It can be determined to be a disability under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), making a student eligible to receive special education services.
Does narcolepsy cause depression?
Patients with narcolepsy type 1 frequently experienced depression, depressive symptoms, suicidal thoughts and risk for suicide, especially those who have untreated narcolepsy, according to study findings published in Neurology.
What is the best stimulant for narcolepsy?
Stimulants. Drugs that stimulate the central nervous system are the primary treatment to help people with narcolepsy stay awake during the day. Doctors often try modafinil (Provigil) or armodafinil (Nuvigil) first for narcolepsy.
Does narcolepsy lead to dementia?
This terrible disease is characterized by narcolepsy evolving into neuropsychiatric problems and dementia.
Can you have narcolepsy without falling asleep during the day?
Many people with narcolepsy are unable to stay awake and alert during the day. There are times when they have an irrepressible need for sleep, or unintended lapses into sleep.
Do narcoleptics sleep well at night?
Do narcoleptics sleep well at night? About half of people with narcolepsy have trouble sleeping through the night. You may wake up frequently (fragmented sleep) and have difficulty falling back to sleep.
Can narcolepsy make you aggressive?
Children and adolescents with narcolepsy often present with changes in personality and behaviour, irritability or aggression, poor school performance and have significantly higher rates of depression.
Can you have a mild case of narcolepsy?
A person with narcolepsy is extremely sleepy all the time and, in severe cases, falls asleep involuntarily several times every day. Narcolepsy is caused by a malfunction in a brain structure called the hypothalamus. Mild cases of narcolepsy can be managed with regular naps, while severe cases need medication.
Are there different severities of narcolepsy?
There are two main types of narcolepsy: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 narcolepsy used to be known as “narcolepsy with cataplexy.” Type 2 used to be called “narcolepsy withoutcataplexy.” In very rare cases, a person may develop another type of narcolepsy known as secondary narcolepsy.