Housing exquisite paintings, sculptures, and frescoes, Ajanta and Ellora are famous for its myriad caves with Buddhist, Jain and Hindu monuments. These are also key UNESCO World Heritage Sites!
Why are the Ajanta caves important?
While the main purpose of the caves was to celebrate the glory of Gautama Buddha’s life and achievements, they also provide an important insight into the Buddhist life and belief system and the reflection of its values in art. In many ways, the Ajanta caves were a watershed in subcontinental architecture.
Which art form are the Ajanta caves famous for?
The caves include paintings and rock-cut sculptures described as among the finest surviving examples of ancient Indian art, particularly expressive paintings that present emotions through gesture, pose and form. They are universally regarded as masterpieces of Buddhist religious art.
Why are the paintings of Ajanta so important?
Paintings in the Ajanta caves are one of the most exquisite examples of Buddhist art and architecture. Explanation: Ajanta Caves in Maharashtra consider being the most famous Buddhist temple. … The paintings had an educational function, presenting to the community the teachings of Buddha and his various reincarnations.
Who discovered the Ajanta caves?
On 28 April 1819, John Smith, the Madras Presidency officer, accidentally discovered the entrance to Cave No. 10 deep within the tangled undergrowth while hunting a tiger, which led to the discovery of the showpiece Ajanta caves.
What is the theme of Ajanta caves?
What is the main theme of Ajanta Caves of later phase? The paintings of the 5th and 6th centuries at Ajanta mainly depict the Jataka tales. These are the stories of the Buddha in his previous lives, when he was still on the path to enlightenment.
Who replicated the murals of Ajanta caves?
The Government of Bombay commissioned new copies of the Ajanta cave paintings in 1872 from John Griffiths, principal of the Bombay School of Art. Griffiths and his students produced 300 paintings, only for a third to go up in flames at London’s Imperial Institute in 1885.
What is the conclusion of Ajanta caves?
3. Conclusion. The excavation of Ajanta represents extraordinary rock architecture in western Deccan after about three hundred years of abandonment in rock art. It seems technicians avoided a massive basalt trap full of flaws as much as they could in choosing cave site.
Which is the oldest cave of Ajanta?
The earliest caves (Cave 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15A), belonging to the Hinayana phase of Buddhism, can be roughly traced back to the 2nd century BCE, with its period of activity continuing to around the 1st century CE during the rule of Satavahana Dynasty (2nd century BCE – 2nd century CE).
Which Colour used in Ajanta caves?
The main colours used were red ochre, yellow ochre, brown ochre, lamp black, white and lapis lazuli which was imported from Northern India, central Asia and Persia.
What is the importance of the Ajanta and Ellora caves?
It is also believed that these caves are the handiwork of the priests and the Buddhist, Jain and Hindu monks who frequently visited the place. Architectural Significance : The rock cut caves of the Ajanta and Ellora are the architectural marvel that also finds place in World Heritage list.
What are the main features of Ajanta paintings?
What are the main features of Ajanta paintings?
- These were built by the Mahayana sect of Buddhism.
- Most of these were Buddhist monasteries, though paintings adorned some of them. …
- These paintings contained the stories from jatakas and the life of Buddha.
Who was the first discovered Ajanta caves answer?
Caves 8,9,10,12, 13, and some bits of 15 are early Buddhist caves. The caves were first discovered in 1819, when Jon Smith, a British official accidentally stumbled upon the horse-shoe shaped rock while hunting a tiger.
Which are the important caves of Ajanta?
Detailed description of the most important caves of Ajanta
- Cave 1: It has one of the finest examples of vihara architecture which emerged towards the end of the fifth century. …
- Cave 2: Cave 2 is somewhat like Cave 1. …
- Cave 4: Cave 4 is the largest vihara and one of the most important caves at Ajanta.
Why was Ajanta caves abandoned?
Hidden away from civilization, the caves at Ajanta were constructed to facilitate a peaceful environment for Buddhist monks. … As Buddhism retreated from this part of the world in the 5th century CE, the caves were gradually abandoned.
How many types of caves are there in Ajanta?
Ajanta Caves, Maharashtra state, India, designated a World Heritage site in 1983. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The group of some 30 caves was excavated between the 1st century bce and the 7th century ce and consists of two types, caityas (“sanctuaries”) and viharas (“monasteries”).
Which cave is largest and most interesting Vihara of Ajanta?
Although it takes you past all the caves, there are some that demand more than a cursory perambulation. Cave 1, a vihara (monastery), is one of the largest caves and also one of the most handsomely ornamented.
Which one is famous painting from Ajanta?
Bodhisattva Padmapani is perhaps the best known of the paintings in Ajanta Caves. Padmapani in Sanskrit literally translates into one who holds the lotus.
How many Hindu caves are there in Ajanta?
Location: Ajanta is a series of rock-cut caves in the Sahyadri ranges (Western Ghats) on Waghora river near Aurangabad in Maharashtra. Number of Caves: There are a total of 29 caves (all buddhist) of which 25 were used as Viharas or residential caves while 4 were used as Chaitya or prayer halls.
What material is Ajanta cave?
First, a rough plaster of clay, cow dung, and rice husks were pressed on to the rough cave walls. This was then coated with lime paste in order to create a smooth working surface. The dark outlines of the figures were then added followed by a pallete of only 6 colors.
Which is the oldest cave painting?
The oldest known cave painting is a red hand stencil in Maltravieso cave, Cáceres, Spain. It has been dated using the uranium-thorium method to older than 64,000 years and was made by a Neanderthal.
Who built the Ajanta caves and when?
The first Buddhist cave monuments at Ajanta date from the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. During the Gupta period (5th and 6th centuries A.D.), many more richly decorated caves were added to the original group.
Where is Ajanta located how many caves are there give a brief description of them?
The Ajanta Caves are 30 (approximately) rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 CE in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India.