When Was Tourmaline Discovered?

Gem and specimen tourmaline is mined chiefly in Brazil and many parts of Africa, including Tanzania, Nigeria, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Malawi, and Namibia.

What is the rarest color of tourmaline?

The rarest and most expensive tourmaline is the paraiba variety — a neon-like blue or green that is colored by traces of copper. It was first discovered in the Brazilian state of Paraiba in 1989.

Who discovered black tourmaline?

In the 1500s, a Spanish conquistador found green tourmaline in Brazil—which he mistook for emerald. His error held until the 1800s, when mineralogists finally identified tourmaline as its own mineral species. Variations of the name “schorl” may have been used to describe black tourmaline even before 1400.

What is the history of tourmaline?

The stone was first discovered by Dutch traders off the West Coast of Italy in the late 1600’s or early 1700’s. At the time, these green tourmalines were assumed to be emeralds. It wasn’t until the 1800s when scientists realized that these stones were their own species of mineral.

How much is tourmaline worth?

Most expensive are the Paraíba tourmalines, which may reach tens of thousands of dollars per carat. Chrome tourmalines, rubellites and fine indicolites and bi-colors may sell for as much as $1000/ct. or more. Other varieties are available for prices between $50–750/ct., depending on the richness of the color.

Why is tourmaline so expensive?

The more saturated the color intensity the finer the Tourmaline. Hence, when judging a Tourmaline for color quality – the more intense/vivid the color saturation, the more valuable the stone.

Is tourmaline more expensive than emerald?

Can it be expensive? Green tourmaline is most expensive when it has some blue in it or appears more like emerald as in the Chrome Tourmaline.

How can you tell if tourmaline is real?

Observe your pink tourmaline under a bright artificial light. Genuine tourmalines change color under artificial light, displaying a brownish undertone. If your stone is billed as a pink tourmaline and it does not display this undertone when exposed to artificial light, then you are likely looking at a fake gemstone.

What is so special about tourmaline?

Tourmaline has been said to be a stone of reconciliation, a stone that fosters compassion and cool headedness, radiates the energy that attracts money, healing and friendship, and is used for grounding purposes, to stabilize, and reaffirm our Earth roots.

Is tourmaline abundant or rare?

Tourmalines are abundant, complex boron and aluminum silicate minerals of variable composition. Tourmaline comes in a wide range of colors, depending on its mineral composition. Black is the most common.

Is black tourmaline rare?

It’s seldom used as a gem, which makes Australian black tourmaline very rare and exceptional. Like all tourmaline, black tourmaline is quite hard (7 to 7.5 on the Mohs scale), which also makes it a very durable gemstone.

How did tourmaline get its name?

Tourmaline derives its name from the Singalese word tourmali, which means “mixed stones.” Ruby, sapphire, peridot and spinel have all been found together in the gravel of localities such as Sri Lanka and Burma.

How tourmaline is formed?

Tourmaline is produced in pegmatites. These are voids deep under ground that are filled with a rich hot liquid that is rich in different minerals. When the liquids begin to cool, the minerals crystallize and form Tourmaline crystals. The host rock around these pegmatites is generally granite or schits.

How is tourmaline mined?

Tourmaline gem rough is mined from stream sediments in many parts of the world, often by artisanal miners. It generally occurs as small granules and pebbles that that have been rounded by the abrasion of stream transport. Tourmaline is often one of many different minerals produced from a single mining location.

Is tourmaline a sapphire?

Tourmaline happens to be the birthstone of October, while sapphire is the gem of September. Both these gorgeous jewels, however, have one thing in common – the color pink. … A rich pink variety of this gem also found its way into Russian crown jewels.

Which tourmaline color is best?

Bright, pure tones of red, blue and green are generally the most valued, but the electric vivid green to blue shades of copper-bearing tourmaline are so exceptional that they are in a class by themselves.

How can you tell if Chrome has tourmaline?

Though green is one of the most typical colors of tourmaline, chrome tourmaline is distinguished from common green tourmaline by its vibrant color and chromium content. The presence of chromium is easy to detect using a dichromatic optical filter known as a Chelsea color filter.

Is black tourmaline worth money?

Because its characteristics are the same as the other gemstones in the family, black tourmaline is excellent value for money. Other common colors of tourmaline are yellow-green, brown, and orange tourmaline. Tourmaline Stones with intense color and excellent clarity will fetch higher prices, as with any other gem.

Which precious stone is the rarest?

Musgravite. Musgravite was discovered in 1967 and is arguably the rarest gemstone in the world. It was first discovered in Musgrave Ranges, Australia, and later found in Madagascar and Greenland. The first sizable gem-quality specimen was discovered in 1993.

Is tourmaline precious or semiprecious?

Is Tourmaline precious or semi-precious? Many will qualify tourmaline as semi-precious. This being said there are varieties of tourmaline which sell for much more than a sapphire or ruby for example, Paraiba Tourmaline, a rare form of copper bearing tourmaline from Brazil.

Is tourmaline more expensive than diamond?

The rare Paraiba tourmaline is the most expensive and a high-quality carat begins at about $2000. Some Paraiba tourmaline carats have reportedly fetched $60,000 per carat, which is much more than diamonds.

What’s the birthstone of May?

As the birthstone for May, the emerald, a symbol of rebirth, is believed to grant the owner foresight, good fortune, and youth. Emerald, derived from the word “smaragdus,” means, quite literally, “green” in Greek.

Are tourmaline beads toxic?

Tourmaline is not harmful to the human body as notified by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare *. However, we suggest you should not eat it as it is not soluble in water. * Only additives designated as safe by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare may be used in foods.