apse: A vaulted extension or projection, usually from a choir or chapel and generally circular or polygonal in shape. Contrast with niche.
What is the apse in Catholic church?
Definition. An apse is a semicircular recess, often covered with a hemispherical vault. Commonly, the apse of a church, cathedral or basilica is the semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir or sanctuary, or sometimes at the end of an aisle.
What was apse used for?
apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.
What is the room behind the altar called?
sacristy, also called vestry, in architecture, room in a Christian church in which vestments and sacred objects used in the services are stored and in which the clergy and sometimes the altar boys and the choir members put on their robes.
What does a apse look like?
In the world of architecture, an apse is a semi-circle, like an upside down bowl, built into the ceiling over a pinnacle point. In pre-Christian times, it would be the highest point of the ceiling.
What does apse mosaic mean?
“Apse Mosaic at San Clemente.” The Crucifixion of Christ. … Although it gives a different feel than most, the mosaic still consists of mourning Mary and St. John. On the stems of the cross there are twelve doves that symbolize the apostles as well as bring a sense of peace to the depicted scene.
How do you pronounce the word apse?
Break ‘apse’ down into sounds: – say it out loud and exaggerate the sounds until you can consistently produce them.
What were Roman basilicas used for?
The term basilica refers to the function of a building as that of a meeting hall. In ancient Rome, basilicas were the site for legal matters to be carried out and a place for business transactions. Architecturally, a basilica typically had a rectangular base that was split into aisles by columns and covered by a roof.
What is nave in architecture?
Nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).
What does nave mean in art?
nave The central longitudinal space of a bascilican church. It is usually flanked on its lond sides by aislas which are separated from the nave by columns or piers.
How did art change as a result of the Black Death?
How did art change as a result of the Black Plague? There were new themes of death, suffering, and themes that reminded people of the reality of death. How was Giotto’s ability to show depth different from more traditional methods? He did not rely on the traditional method of an architectural framework.
How was the nave divided?
In medieval churches the nave was separated from the chancel by the rood screen; these, being elaborately decorated, were notable features in European churches from the 14th to the mid-16th century.
What is a Chevette in a cathedral?
: the apsidal eastern termination of a church choir typically having a surrounding ambulatory that opens onto a number of radiating apses or chapels —used especially of French Gothic architecture.
What is the chancel used for in a church?
The east end of a church, traditionally the place where the high altar is located. Chancels may have seating for a choir, and there may be small chambers off the chancel, such as a vestry, an ‘office space’ for the priest. … Chancels were often dominated by a large east window above and behind the altar.
Where is the transept in a church?
transept, the area of a cruciform church lying at right angles to the principal axis. The bay at which the transept intersects the main body of the church is called the crossing. The transept itself is sometimes simply called the cross.
Where was the altar usually located in Gothic churches?
In later Gothic churches, we sometimes see yet another level below the clerestory, called the triforium. The nave was used for the procession of the clergy to the altar. The main altar was basically in the position of the apse in the ancient Roman basilica, although in some designs it is further forward.
What is the full form of apse?
The Full form of APSE is ADA Programming Support Environment, or APSE stands for ADA Programming Support Environment, or the full name of given abbreviation is ADA Programming Support Environment.
What is a Apsis?
1 : the point in an astronomical orbit at which the distance of the body from the center of attraction is either greatest or least.
What is meant by Apsidal?
In Romanesque, Byzantine and Gothic Christian abbey, cathedral and church architecture, the term is applied to a semi-circular or polygonal termination of the main building at the liturgical east end (where the altar is), regardless of the shape of the roof, which may be flat, sloping, domed, or hemispherical.
What are radiating chapels?
In a church, projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory of a semicircular or polygonal liturgical east end.
Where do priests get dressed?
A sacristy, also known as a vestry or preparation room, is a room in Christian churches for the keeping of vestments (such as the alb and chasuble) and other church furnishings, sacred vessels, and parish records.
Where do priests get changed?
A sacristy is sometimes called a vestry, although this is more typically used for the room where priests change into their vestments, or the special robes they wear during church services.
What is the upstairs of a church called?
loft. noun. an upper floor built out from the wall in a church, where the organ is often found.