Viet Cong (VC), in full Viet Nam Cong San, English Vietnamese Communists, the guerrilla force that, with the support of the North Vietnamese Army, fought against South Vietnam (late 1950s–1975) and the United States (early 1960s–1973). The name is said to have first been used by South Vietnamese Pres.
What is difference between Viet Cong and NVA?
Others consider the Viet Cong or “VC” to primarily refer to the armed elements. The term PAVN (People’s Army of Vietnam), identifies regular troops of the North Vietnamese Army or NVA as they were commonly known by their Western opponents.
What does the Viet Cong flag mean?
National Liberation Front (Việt cộng)
This flag was that of the (communist) Republic of South Vietnam, adopted on 8 June 1969. … I have heard a story (probably apocryphal, but who’s to say?) that the Vietcong flag indicated unified control (the gold star) over the communist north and capitalist south (red and blue).
What did American soldiers call the Viet Cong?
American soldiers referred to the Viet Cong as Victor Charlie or V-C. “Victor” and “Charlie” are both letters in the NATO phonetic alphabet.
What is ARVN in Vietnam War?
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN; Vietnamese: Lục quân Việt Nam Cộng hòa; French: Armée de la république du Viêt Nam) were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 to the Fall of Saigon in April 1975.
How did Viet Cong win?
The main objectives and aims of the Vietcong were to use guerilla warfare to achieve victory against the USA. This meant that they had to retreat when the enemy attacked, pursue when they retreated, attack when they tired and raid when they camped. … It also helped them counter the enemies air raids.
Who was the Viet Cong leader?
Born Nguyen Sinh Cung, and known as “Uncle Ho,” Ho Chi Minh led the Democratic Republic of Vietnam from 1945-69. Ho had embraced communism while living abroad in England and France from 1915-23; in 1919, he petitioned the powers at the Versailles peace talks for equal rights in Indochina.
Why did America lose in Vietnam?
USA did make many bombing campaigns against North Vietnam, which only alienated the population but could not degrade the fighting force of the Vietcong. … Support of China /USSR: One of the most crucial reasons for the defeat of the USA was the unflinching support of China and the Soviet Union to the North Vietnam.
What wars did America lose?
Vietnam was an unmitigated disaster, the only war the US has ever lost. It took the lives of 58,000 Americans and an estimated 2.5 million Vietnamese. It cost untold treasure, destroyed a president, and fired the protest of a generation at home and around the world as no event since.
Who started the Vietnam war?
The Vietnam War had its origins in the broader Indochina wars of the 1940s and ’50s, when nationalist groups such as Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh, inspired by Chinese and Soviet communism, fought the colonial rule first of Japan and then of France.
Where did the Viet Cong get their weapons?
Sources of Weapons
Although most of their weapons, uniforms, and equipment were provided by the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China, the North Vietnamese also carried arms captured from the French and even the Japanese in the earlier Indochinese wars.
Is Vietnam still separated?
Vietnam, a one-party Communist state, has one of south-east Asia’s fastest-growing economies and has set its sights on becoming a developed nation by 2020. It became a unified country once more in 1975 when the armed forces of the Communist north seized the south.
Who controlled Vietnam during WWII?
French Indochina in the 1940s was divided into five protectorates: Cambodia, Laos, Tonkin, Annam, and Cochinchina. The latter three made up Vietnam. In 1940, the French controlled 23 million Vietnamese with 12,000 French soldiers, about 40,000 Vietnamese soldiers, and the Sûreté, a powerful police force.
What was the average age of a soldier in Vietnam?
Fact: Assuming KIAs accurately represented age groups serving in Vietnam, the average age of an infantryman (MOS 11B) serving in Vietnam to be 19 years old is a myth, it is actually 22. None of the enlisted grades have an average age of less than 20. The average man who fought in World War II was 26 years of age.
What dangers did American soldiers face in Vietnam?
Vietnam’s wildlife posed its own dangers. American soldiers encountered malarial mosquitoes, leeches, ticks, fire ants and 30 different kinds of venomous snake. One historian estimates between 150 and 300 US personnel died in Vietnam from the effects of snakebite.
Did the US create the Viet Cong?
First de Marrais tells them that it was Americans who created the Viet Minh, a precursor to the Viet Cong, in 1945. … The OSS, later to become the CIA, only backed the Viet Minh in world war two because it was already an established guerrilla group, capable of spying on the Japanese.
Did the US ever lose a war?
Before World War II, the United States won nearly all the major wars that it fought. And since World War II, the United States has barely won any major wars. … And since Korea, we have had Vietnam—America’s most infamous defeat—and Iraq, another major failure.
What was the worst US war?
The Civil War was America’s bloodiest conflict. The unprecedented violence of battles such as Shiloh, Antietam, Stones River, and Gettysburg shocked citizens and international observers alike. Nearly as many men died in captivity during the Civil War as were killed in the whole of the Vietnam War.
How many wars is America in right now?
This is a list of wars and rebellions involving the United States of America. Currently, there are 93 wars on this list, 3 of which are ongoing.